High incarceration rates
Although America holds only five percent of the world’s population, it contains 25 percent of the world’s incarcerated population which is why reform needs to be made in order to bring down incarceration rates which will in turn lower costs paid by American citizens.
What is the problem?
The fact that the United States has the highest incarceration rate in the world is problematic enough, what makes the issue worse is that the United States does not have the space available to billet all the detainees that it has behind bars. According to the U.S. Department of Justice, at yearend 2014 an estimated 6,851,000 persons were under the supervision of the U.S. adult correctional system and 2.2 million of the correctional system were incarcerated in jails or prisons, a jump from the year 2000 where there were the total correctional population was 6,467,800, and 1,945,400 were incarcerated (2015). The prison population in the united states is out of control and prisons are over their maximum occupancy, something needs to change to reduce the amount of incarcerated individuals. 23 May 2011, there was a supreme court ruling 5-4 that ruled the state of California was to reduce their prison population due to the fact their medical and mental health care did not meet the standard of care, as a result the prison was forced to reduce their population to 137.5% of its designed capacity which meant California was to release 40,000 inmates (Brown v. plata, 2011). The result to overcrowding prisons is that felons will be released into the public as Brown v. Plata shows. What do the experts say? According to Justice Scalia “terrible things are sure to happen as a consequence of this outrageous order, Justice ...
... middle of paper ...
...lling inmate population, legislation and courts will control it for the Department of Corrections which has negative effects on the public safety because dangerous criminals are released. Solutions to keep incarceration numbers down, reduce the number going in, the two ways to make that happen are “to eliminate mandatory sentencing and eliminate revocations of probation and parole” (Clear, T. R., & Austin, J. 2009). Clear goes further and explains that the reason for prison growth is “the reduction in the use of probation as a sentence for people convicted of felonies, especially drug crimes”. In short, the laws that mandate mandatory prison sentence for drug offenses need to be changed to probation, “Before laws mandating prison sentences in the U.S. prison population, about six percent, they are now about twenty percent” Clear, T. R., & Austin, J. (2009).
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The problem in this case is the high incarceration rates of African-Americans is not colonialism its victimization. Specifically this is the victimization of poor African-Americans regardless of perceived or actual knowledge of African history. When you 're being victimized because of something as superficial as race, knowledge can only go so far, if that wasn 't the case then uneducated poor African-American females would be locked up at the same rate as poor African-American men.We know this to be true because studies show 70% of educated African-American females are unmarried mainly because of the high incarceration rates of African-American men.... [tags: African American, Race, Racism, Black people]
1095 words (3.1 pages)
- Many Americans pretend that the days of racism are far behind; however it is clear that institutional racism still exists in this country. One way of viewing this institutional racism is looking at our nation’s prison system and how the incarceration rates are skewed towards African American men. The reasons for the incarceration rate disparity are argued and different between races, but history points out and starts to show the reason of why the disparity began. Families and children of the incarcerated are adversely affected due to the discrimination as well as the discrimination against African American students and their likelihood of going to prison compared to the white student.... [tags: discrimination, african americans, incarceration]
1353 words (3.9 pages)
- The United States of America has the world’s highest incarceration rates, for several reasons. The United States of America doesn’t necessarily possess any unique strict laws in comparison to other countries of the world, yet we still have the highest incarceration rate in the world. More federal level and state level prisons are built in order to control and hold more prisoners because most are reaching its full capacity. The United States of America’s “crime rates” increased about 40 years ago when there became a new focus in the areas of crime.... [tags: United States, Race, Black people, White American]
2012 words (5.7 pages)
- The United States has the highest prison rate in the world at 724 per 100,000 people are incarcerated.(Borowski) With the immense number of criminals incarcerated, one would assume that the countries crime rate is extremely low. But, because a majority of these inmates are incarcerated for non-violent crimes, it is still embarrassingly high. On the other hand, there is no evidence or valid argument that the crime rate would be lowered if there was a mass release of incarcerated criminals. In fact, it is reasonable to suggest that the United States crime rate would rise if these criminals were released.... [tags: Prison, Crime, Incarceration, Recidivism]
1514 words (4.3 pages)
- In the U.S. we have a problem. People see the color of someone’s skin and stereotype based on the color and that determines how one treats others. There are an unsettling difference in drug incarceration rates of black males versus white males. This is a major problem and people realize that these issues, still happen and nothing is being accomplished to improve this. Attorney General Loretta E. Lynch, I hope this memo helps to bring you attention to these problems many people are facing. Enough to move you and encourages you to make a difference.... [tags: White people, Race, Black people]
1598 words (4.6 pages)
- The United States has the highest incarceration rate in the world, incarcerating 1 in 100 people. With such rates one would expect United States to have the lowest rates of crime in the world, however crime still exists in the United States. It is undeniable that something is being done incorrectly. The United States is either incarcerating the wrong people, or incarcerating individuals for minor crimes and not those who actually commit major crimes. United States’ high incarceration rates show no progress in diminishing crime, this might be because the solution to ending crime is not putting more people in jail but instead finding a way to keep individuals off of streets, while diminishing... [tags: keeping individuals off the street]
844 words (2.4 pages)
- Mass Incarceration “Six million people are under correctional supervision in the U.S.—more than were in Stalin’s gulags.” To the editor: When Dr. Martin Luther King delivered his “I have a dream speech”, there was no way that he could have imagined that a new system would be born. Born from the ashes of slavery and Jim Crow, a new system of racial and social control; that would trap millions as second class citizens. A system known as Mass Incarceration. America 's current population accounts for approximately four percent of the world 's population.... [tags: Prison, Criminal justice, Crime, Incarceration]
1770 words (5.1 pages)
- Introduction “On the run: Wanted Med in the Philadelphia Ghetto” by Alice Goffman (2009), explores the dysfunctional relationship between individuals in “ghettos” and the criminal justice system. Incarceration rates in the United States have increased seven times over 40 years among Black men with limited education (Goffman 2009:339). Incarceration leads to the discrimination and disadvantage of Black males; socially and economically (Goffman 2009:339). Additionally, increased incarcerations influence the amount of policing in communities.... [tags: Sociology, Police, Incarceration, The Police]
1318 words (3.8 pages)
- The High Incarceration Rates in United States Student’s Name: Institutional Affiliation: The High Incarceration Rates In United States Introduction The United States of America Department of Criminal Justice has become under sharp criticism in the recent times. America takes pride in its global position of being the remaining superpower and having a strong influence in the world affairs. While this position makes America seem unique, accomplished and fully settled its internal affairs, internal affairs in the country seem to be getting out of hand.... [tags: United States, Crime, Prison, Criminal law]
2323 words (6.6 pages)
- In the United States, the rate of incarceration has increased shockingly over the past few years. In 2008, it was said that one in 100 U.S. adults were behind bars, meaning more than 2.3 million people. Even more surprising than this high rate is the fact that African Americans have been disproportionately incarcerated, especially low-income and lowly educated blacks. This is racialized mass incarceration. There are a few reasons why racialized mass incarceration occurs and how it negatively affects poor black communities.... [tags: African American and the legal system]
622 words (1.8 pages)