APPROACHING THE IN DEPTH INTERVIEW
• Necessary Actions to Have a Good Preparation for the Interview Process
Take into consideration the number of interview subjects with regard to the purpose of the research.
Contemplate the available and logistical resources: time and money, quality versus quantity
Determine the expertise to conduct the interview or train the interviewers
Consider the role and criteria of a good interviewer.
Establish the personal contact
Regard the ethical issues through the seven-stage of interviewing
Deliberate the interview quality, the level of competence
The choices of questions (open ended questions, probing questions are preferred)
Determine the form of interviews: one-to-one interviews, focus group interviews, telephone interviews, electronic interviews.
Guarantee a suitable location to interview (quite, private)
Check the electronic device (microphone and the audio recorder)
Prepare yourself prior engaging in the interview
Be conscious of the differences in culture and bias
Notice the interviewees about the study and principles of ethic (confidentiality, anonymity)
Utilise the technical tools: The Ethnograph, Atlas.ti, Folio Views, NVivo
• A Practical Process of the Interv...
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...of the validity, reliability, generalisability and the improvement of the data quality are always necessary when interviewing. It is suggested to make a good preparation to overcome the issues affecting the data quality. (For more details, see Section: Necessary Actions to Have a Good Preparation for the Interview Process).
• Time consuming: It can take a lot of time to go through the process of interviewing. See the Section of “A Consideration of the Time Frames” to manage a good time line of conducting the data collection by the in depth interview.
• Participants versus Interviewers: Participants can cause difficulty in the interview (such as giving a long answer, changing their emotions, interviewing the interviewer, having memory problems). The interviewer must be trained adequately to be able to use the interview techniques in dealing with intricate situations.
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