The Importance Of Teaching And A Second Language

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Metacognitve skills are essential to the acquisition of a second language. In this lesson, we will explain how metacognition is used to enhance learning in the classroom. !!!Metacognition You walk into a room. The writing is foreign to you and you don 't understand most of what is being said. Your heart starts to beat faster. Luckily, just before panic sets in and you bolt from the room, __metacognition__ comes to the rescue! Metacognition is a type of reasoning. It helps us evaluate our thinking and use of strategies when we need help understanding. These skills are useful when confronted with a foreign language. The phrase 'It 's all Greek to me ' came about for a reason - foreign languages can be hard to learn! That is why the development of metacognitive skills is important for students of a second language. Students need to focus their attention on learning a new language and recognize what thought processes they experience while learning. What do they need to do when they don 't understand? How do they choose what strategies to use? What works and what does not work? Metacognitive skills allow learners to __plan__, __control__, and __evaluate__ the process. !!!Plan A plan tells you what you need to accomplish to make a complicated situation more manageable. Planning for the learning process is an important metacognitive skill. When a student understands why they are learning certain information, they are more engaged. This makes the learning process easier because students are thinking about what they are trying to accomplish. Knowing what needs to be accomplished can also help students determine how they will achieve their goals. A teacher can help students plan for success by stating clear learning objectives. In o... ... middle of paper ... ... evaluate our thinking and use of strategies to help us understand. The development of these skills is important for students confronted with a foreign language. Metacognitive skills help them plan, control, and evaluate as they focus their attention on learning a new language. Planning for the learning process involves understanding what needs to be accomplished in order to manage the situation appropriately. The teacher provides clear goals so the student knows what needs to be accomplished and can start focusing on how to go about reaching these goals. Control over the learning process occurs as students are taught a variety of learning strategies they apply as needed to the tasks they are presented with. Periodic evaluation of how effectively students understand these goals and are able to apply learning strategies is an essential step that ties it all together.

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