Importance of Religion for Two Paradigms: Science and Natural Philosophy
Since the beginning of the intellectual development of mankind, the question of whether there is god or not has been a question that still remains. However, its effects on our way of thinking has been shaped by a number of people, thinkers, priests, scientists so on and so forth. If we were to divide that continuum into two parts, they would be before the enlightenment and after the enlightenment. Namely the times of natural philosophy and times of science since the term produced after the mid eighteenths. Before the enlightenment religion was the core, center pillar of natural philosophy when the medieval Europe was thought. Nevertheless, after that era the religion was secluded from the “science” in a way that it may have affected the processes but it did not have such condition that could alter the methodology of thinking and contemplating.
First of all, to comprehend that situation, what the natural philosophy have to be known. Natural philosophy is the philosophical way of thinking over how the nature works. That philosophical mainstream founded in ancient Greece. They observed the nature and tried to know how all this could be happening around them basically they wanted to be aware of their environment. But when it comes to how that natural philosophy came into contact with religion. The Muslim thinkers used that natural philosophy to promote Islamic beliefs and even to justify the existence of god itself. Then, the Christian church had done the same thing. Apart from the spread of natural philosophy it is also important that how natural philosophers interpreted the environment and nature. It was such a way that after the observations of phenomen...
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...n and eighteen hundreds. Also that shift reflected in which the products of philosophers who lived in that era.
Dennis Des Chene, Physiologia: Natural Philosophy in Late Aristotelian and Cartesian
Thought (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1996), 2.
Jon H. Roberts and James Turner, The Sacred and the Secular University, (Princeton University press,2000).29
Josh A. Reeves (2008) The Field of Science and Religion as Natural Philosophy,
Theology and Science, 6:4, 403-419
David Hume, An inquring Concerning Human understanding, ed. Charles W. Hendel(İndianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill,1955)
Hyland P, Gomez O, Greensides F,The Enlightenment a Sourcebook and Reader, Rootledge, 2003, p. 37-40, 71-75
The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy (1729) Newton's Principles of Natural Philosophy, Dawsons of Pall Mall, 1968
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