The question of parental leave first became an issue as maternity leave when women began to enter the labor force, in increasing numbers during the 1960s. At this time, it was legal, and common, for women to experience employment discrimination in response to pregnancy and childbirth. Women could be refused employment if pregnant. They could be fired for becoming pregnant while employed. A company could refuse to allow a woman who had worked throughout pregnancy to return to work after giving birth. In 1978, Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was amended by the Pregnancy Discrimination Act. This Act established that discrimination on the basis of pregnancy, childbirth, or related medical conditions constitutes unlawful sex discrimination under Title VII. The Act applies to employers with 15 or more employees.
The next consideration was the cost of child care. The federal tax code was changed so that in 1976 families were permitted to take a tax credit for dependent care costs. This tax credit functioned to increase the affordability of child care, supporting the possibility ...
... middle of paper ...
Vandello, J. A., Hettinger, V. E., Bosson, J. K. and Siddiqi, J. (2013). When Equal Isn't Really Equal: The Masculine Dilemma of Seeking Work Flexibility. Journal of Social Issues, 69(2), 303–321. doi: 10.1111/josi.12016 Retrieved from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com.proxy.kennesaw.edu/doi/10.1111/josi.12016/full.
Waldfogel, J. (2001). International Policies toward Parental Leave and Childcare. The Future of Children. 11(1), 98-111. Princeton University. doi: 10.2307/1602812. Retrieved from /www.jstor.org/stable/1602812.
Williams, J. Blair-Loy, M., and Berdahl, J. (2013). The Flexibility Stigma: Work Devotion vs. Family Devotion. Rotman Magazine, Winter 2013, 34-39. Retrieved from http://eds.b.ebscohost.com.proxy.kennesaw.edu/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=750e654f-6913-495e-a66c-37b3cf15a670%40sessionmgr114&vid=5&hid=109
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Lately, many fathers have been requesting to have compensated leave in order to spend time with their newborn additions. Paternity leave demolishes the usual stereotypical visions of fathers working and not staying home to care for their child. The new evolution places the father at home for at least a few weeks to be able to bond and adapt to the obligation of being a father. Paternity leave is a benefitting movement that is now permitted in more places around the world and enhances a father’s early involvement.... [tags: paternity, father, income, financial difficulties]
1056 words (3 pages)
- In this modern day and age, we are often surrounded with challenges that exists within society. Challenges includes pressures from work and family responsibilities. In Singapore's context, the government often highlight pressing issues such as declining growth rate and aging population. The manifestation of ideas such as promoting marriage and replenishing the population by it's citizen would be a feasible idea in the public eyes. While the idea is the initial, yet difficult, step to tackle population woes, there is also a dire need to address issues that comes hand-in-hand with the policy being implemented.... [tags: Parenting]
776 words (2.2 pages)
- Paid parental leave is an employee benefit provided to new parents in most countries around the world. It has been a hot button issue in Australia for decades and the question of whether or not both parents should be allowed to take parental leave is still contentious. The debate has centered around whether new parents should be granted paid or unpaid leave and how long they should be allowed to take off from their job. In the past, Australians were only allowed to take up to 52 weeks’ unpaid parental leave and paid parental leave was not enacted until 2010.... [tags: Parental leave, Maternity, Norway, Sick leave]
1271 words (3.6 pages)
- Women give birth nearly every day around the world, yet some fathers are hardly present to lend them support. Some fathers may not be desirous of the opportunity while others can’t find time to be there long enough. Also, some fathers can’t afford to sacrifice their pay check, which their families need to maintain the new addition. Paternity leave is time off from work granted to male employees, in the private and public sectors, to be with their spouses and newborns. Most employers rarely pay male employees paternity leave to spend time with their spouses when they deliver a child, suffer a miscarriage, or adopt a child.... [tags: Paternity Leave, ]
1400 words (4 pages)
- Paternity leave It is well known that when a family has a child, the soon-to-be mother goes on maternity leave. Most soon-to-be mothers get approximately nine to twelve weeks off of work when having a child. But what we do not actually think about is whether a new father should get time off as well. Having a child is just as stressful on the mother-to-be as it is on the father-to-be. This is an up and coming issue in today’s society. Now that millennials, or our current generation of young adults are growing up, they are starting to push this idea in the work place because very few companies offer paid leave for new fathers.... [tags: Mother, Father, Family, Parent]
1532 words (4.4 pages)
- Introduction: In the United States, there are many policies that are seen as women’s issues and this puts them at a lower priority for those in power. The issue that I want to highlight is maternity/paternity leave. This is defined as: “The Period when a woman can legally be absent from working the weeks before and after she has a baby”(“Cambridge Dictionaries online,” n.d.). Women’s bodies go through a lot of changes when they have a baby including hormonal, physical and psychological (Dunkel Schetter, 2011).... [tags: Gender role, Gender, U.S. state, Family]
1652 words (4.7 pages)
- Bringing a new baby into the world is one life changing experience. The lives of both the mother and the father are changed tremendously as they begin to learn to raise a child by trial and error. Maternity leave for mothers of newborns is never disagreeable; when it comes to paternity leave, however, it becomes one of the most controversial topics of the workforce. Reasons for maternity leaves and paternity leaves are both justifiable. Men should have the opportunity to take paternity leave from their jobs so that they can be a helping hand to the mother, have a chance to bond with their newborn child, and help bridge the gap in gender equality in the workplace without the stigma and critic... [tags: Rights, Obligations, Parenting, Birth, Baby]
952 words (2.7 pages)
- Parental Leave: Paid parental leave should be equal and for both parents once a child is born Recently women’s rights and women’s equality in the workplace has come back to the fore as a topic for discussion in government agencies and the United Nations. Whilst this is a very important topic, when it comes to time off from work when a new child is born, women in the US have some provision, whereas men have none. The Family and Medical Aid Act (FLMA), of 1993, provides for 12 weeks of unpaid, job protected leave for certain specified events (8).... [tags: Children, Parents, Parental Leave]
903 words (2.6 pages)
- Paternity Establishment Establishing paternity gives a child born outside of marriage the same legal rights and privileges as a child born to married parents. Children gain access to family medical history and rights to inheritance, fathers’ medical and life insurance benefits, social security and veterans’ benefits, and child support. In addition, Native American children gain tribal enrollment rights. Oregon’s Child Support Program assists parents with paternity cases. Unmarried parents can establish paternity either by submitting paperwork, or through a court or administrative legal process.... [tags: Divorce, Marriage, Child support, Family law]
2014 words (5.8 pages)
- The purpose of this essay is to examine diverse approaches of being a working mother or stying on a maternity leave. The obvious advantages and disadvantages, as well as current possibilities in our country will be also discussed. A new adjustment of maternity leave in the Czech Republic came into force five years ago. Currently, not only is either of the parents allowed to stay at home with a child, but they can also choose the two-year, the three-year or the four-year option. The possibility of choice is the most appreciate one.... [tags: working, maternity, leave, income]
530 words (1.5 pages)