Since human population has increased dramatically, the demand for food is increasing also to fulfil the myriad population. Moreover, climate changes caused the natural disasters like flood and drought to happen more often, resulting in uncontrollable disruption to crops and livestocks. Hence, to overcome these problems, scientists come out with a solution, Living Modified Organisms (LMOs) which is also known as Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs). One of the intentions of LMOs is to overcome food crisis. Genetically modified (GM) crops are designed to enhance their qualities such as longer storage, higher crops yield, ability to grow larger, and reduced cost in aspect of food production, need for herbicides and insecticides as well as higher nutritional value. Another concern is that LMOs nowadays are associated with pharmaceutical value, for example, vaccination does not need to be done via injection but we can have vaccines get into our bodies by the practice of LMOs consumption in the near future.
The statement of Lusk and Miller (2014) clearly pointed out the importance of LMOs nowadays especially in the aspect of economy, as the land for farming getting less. Consequently, food production will be lesser whereas costs of production will increase significantly. Nowadays in US, 90% of the farm land is used to plant genetic modified wheat and soybean. Indeed, economic gains in US from 1996 to 2008 were more than $50 billion (as shown in Figure 1). With the molecular engineering technology, the prices of food will be more affordable for the poverty. As stated by Chen and Tseng (2011), agricultural food prices had decreased about 2% per year from year 1961 till 1999.
Production through 1996-2008 (Peterso...
... middle of paper ...
Olster, M. (2013). GMO foods: Key points in the genetically modified debate. Retrieved from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/08/02/gmo-foods_n_3693246.html
Phillips, T. (2008) Genetically modified organisms (GMOs): Transgenic crops and recombinant DNA technology. Nature Education, 1(1), 213
REUTERS. (2013). As health fears ebb, Africa looks at easing GM crop bans. Retrieved from http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/06/06/eu-africa-gmo-idUSL5N0EG3K520130606
Runge, C. F., Bagnara, G., & Jackson, L. A. (2001). Differing U.S. and European perspectives on GMOs: Political, economic and cultural issues. The Estey Centre Journal of International Law and Trade Policy, 2(2), 221-234
The New York Times. (2003). Genetically modified food and the poor. Retrived from http://www.nytimes.com/2003/10/13/opinion/genetically-modified-food-and-the-poor.html
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- We possibly overlook the microorganisms when thinking of LMO since plants and animals probably will first come to our mind. With the development of recombinant DNA technology, metabolic potentials of microorganisms are being explored. Nowadays, genetically modified microorganisms (GMMs) have vast applications in human and animal health, bioremediation, and in industries such as food and textiles. The first GMM, specifically E. coli, was made in the 1970s (Teisha, 2013). A few years later, GMMs which produced essential human proteins were churned out by researchers (Teisha, 2013).... [tags: animals, dna technology]
1202 words (3.4 pages)
- Genetic Modified Organism (GMO) is a standout amongst the most critical issues from around the globe. “According to the World Health Organization, Genetically Modified Organisms(GMOs) are "organisms in which the genetic material (DNA) has been altered in such a way that does not occur naturally."This technology is also referred to as "genetic engineering", "biotechnology" or "recombinant DNA technology" and consists of randomly inserting genetic fragments of DNA from one organism to another, usually from a different species.... [tags: Genetically modified organism]
2176 words (6.2 pages)
- Benbrook, Charles. “Gmos, Herbicides, and Public Health” Food Control, Vol. 373, No. 1, 2015, pp 693-695,http://www.nejm.org.ezproxy2.library.colostate.edu:2048/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMp1505660. Accessed 22 Oct 2016. The article discusses the development of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) by pointing out destructive substances that are toxic to plants that destroy unwanted vegetation and affect the public health of citizens. The authors emphasize the importance of how “Food and Drug Administration (FDA) should label their GM organisms”(693) and “should have long-term postmarketing surveillance”(693) because that way everyone is aware of where their food is coming from, and incase of any... [tags: Genetically modified organism]
1446 words (4.1 pages)
- In recent discussions of health and wellness, the topic of genetically modified organisms in food has become very prevalent. A genetically modified organism or GMO is any living thing that has had its genes microscopically modified to pick up a trait it would originally lack. Almost every American has heard the term “GMO” however many do not know what they are and what benefits they hold. Thousands of people are beginning to eat “organic” foods free from GMOs because they believe the modifications to the food will cause health complications for those who consume them.... [tags: Genetically modified organism]
1318 words (3.8 pages)
- Imagine living on a farm. It is cold most of the year, but for a few months you are able to grow some corn to feed your family, and occasionally if you are lucky you can sell it in town to make some money. It is hard work for what seems like a little reward. You must often deal with insects eating many of the corn stalks, and your corn doesn’t do well in cold temperatures, so you must harvest it before the cold weather starts again. You have to plow much of your field to plant this corn, and it takes much effort to look after it.... [tags: Genetically Modified Foods]
1137 words (3.2 pages)
- DNA and GMOs (Deoxyribonucleic acid and Genetically Modified Organisms) Are Genetically Modified Organisms Safe For All People Or Do They Have The Potential To Destroy Humanity. As we all know, DNA is the keeper of all the information needed to recreate an organism. Its discovery has opened the doors to marvelous inventions, even allowing us to solve crimes that were cold cases. *Recombinant DNA (rDNA) is the joining of DNA molecules from two different species that are inserted into a host organism to produce new genetic combinations.... [tags: Genetically modified food]
1505 words (4.3 pages)
- In the world today, many Americans see terrorism as the leading threat to security, but for much of the human race, the effects of growing populations, rising temperatures, water shortages, and droughts on food availability present far more daunting challenges. Unfortunately, like most problems humans face, a clear-cut answer may not exist. However, with recent scientific advances, genetically modified crops have made it possible to help feed a hungry world through GMOs. People often ask the question, should farmers practice GMO farming.... [tags: Genetically modified organism]
1988 words (5.7 pages)
- The genetic modification of food is a very controversial subject around the world founded by Monsanto, a company involved in agricultural technology, in the 1980’s (Wikipedia). Since then, many other companies have also started to modify their food to avoid using pesticides. I define genetically modified foods (or GM foods) as foods produced from organisms that have had specific changes introduced into their DNA using the methods of genetic engineering (Wikipedia). There are many different views concerning GMOs and I will explore the ideological and ethical arguments associated with this subject.... [tags: Genetically Modified Organisms]
1458 words (4.2 pages)
- Introduction Development of genetically modified (GM) animals was possible thanks to advancements in molecular genetics that took place in 1970’s and 80’s. Until then, the function of genes could only be studied through spontaneous mutations and observation of inherited characteristics. GM animals are now an invaluable tool for exploring physiological and pathological processes, and they allow for determination of gene function in living organisms (Brussa 1999; Dunn et al. 2005). GM animals are widely used across all fields of biomedical sciences.... [tags: GM Animals]
2125 words (6.1 pages)
- "Until we recognize the essential role of biology, our attempts to truly unify the universe will remain a train to nowhere." - Robert Lanza. This quote shows the importance of how much biology has on our lives. Understanding biology unlocks tons of information about our lives and the world around us. Biology is in everything we do. We don 't notice it, but it 's a very big part of our life. It gives us a better understanding of our life and to see how beautiful this world is. Biology is always in shows and movies that we watch.... [tags: Genetically modified organism]
1423 words (4.1 pages)