The Importance Of Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder Essay

The Importance Of Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder Essay

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During my volunteering process i noticed some 4 year olds with ADHD. Prior to volunteering i was told that they can sometimes be out of hand and that they need more attention then other kids. While they all appear to be a bright childen, their actions in the classroom are interesting. While the class is sitting in a circle listening to stories, the children are unable to sit for any significant period of time. They will get up and wander around the room and when told to rejoin the group, they have a look on their face of total bewilderment. It is not unusual for them to hum outloud, suck on the corner of their shirt and or talk at inappropriate times. It is normal for children to have trouble behaving and focusing from time to time, however children with ADHD have a hard time growing out of these behaviors . Attention Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder is a common childhood disorder and can continue through adolescence and adulthood. Children with ADHD have a problem with inattentiveness, over activity, impulsivity, and or a combination of these. Some symptoms of ADHD would be the inability to stay focused, difficulty controlling their behavior and hyperactivity. Some things that can cause ADHD are Genetics, Lead exposure, Issue during pregnacany, and a child diet. I belive that the theory most describing this situatuion is Cognitive development theory. This is when, “ children actively construct knowledge as they manipulate and explore their world,”(Berk, 2012). There are several stages. The stages are sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, and formal operational. The phase that applies to these children at the age of 4 years old is the preoperational stage, which covers approximately ages 2 to 7 years old. Dur...

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...ry situation, with explicit roles and rules. While playing with the children we would tend to play 'house ' a lot . The children would take roles , such as mommy and daddy, and their actions are determined by those roles. This leads to a greater degree of self-confidence, the children 's actions being determined by the rules of the game. When involved in imaginary play, children 's concentration and attention to the task are much greater than when presented by the teacher in a structured environment. Interaction with others is good for devlopment and it helps a child to understand and become more tolerant of other chidlren 's points of view. This trait is something that can be carried on into the child 's adulthood. Piaget feels that a child should be challeneged in order to attain the maxiumum level of intelellectual development, and environmental diversity

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