Beginning in 1492, Spain had been the first European nation to sail westward across the Atlantic Ocean and colonize the Amerindian nations of the Western Hemisphere. The empire that came from this exploration extended from Virginia on the eastern coast of the United States south to Tierra del Fuego at the tip of South America, besides Brazil and westward to California and Alaska. Across the Pacific, it included the Philippines and other island groups. Soon enough, around 1825, a lot of the empire had fallen into other hands and in that year. Spain started to acknowledged the independence of its possessions in the present-day United States and south to the tip of South America. The only remnants that remained in the empire in the Western Hemisphere were Cuba and Puerto Rico.
The Cuba and Puerto Rico are islands in the Caribbean Sea close to the United States mainland. Many Cubans didn’t want to be under Spanish rule, leading them to flee to Florida and other parts of the United States. At the same time, however, they still remained loyal to Cuba. Jose Marti, a Cuban writer living in New York, came to Tampa to gain supporters to help Cuba fight for its independence from Spain. A rebellion was started by the Cubans in 1895, agains...
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...d a message accompanying the treaty, which declared that, "...the overthrow of the monarchy was not in any way promoted by this Government," (Grover Cleveland 1893).
Once William McKinley became President in 1896, he restarted the annexation process. By then, the United States had a renewed interest in having a permanent naval presence in the Central Pacific. They already had a naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, and annexation would make it a permanent base. Hawaii was officially annexed into the United States in 1898, which was shortly after the Spanish-American War had started. Over 60 years later in 1959, Hawaii became the 50th state.
Imperialism caused different policies that lead to the extending of America’s power. Without Cuban assistance, the addition of Hawaii and Alaska to America, and Yellow Journalism America wouldn’t be they way it is today.
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