Imperialism During The Spanish American War Essay

Imperialism During The Spanish American War Essay

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Imperialism played a substantial role in the Spanish-American war. Imperialism is the policy of extending a country 's power and influence through diplomacy or military force. As a result of the Spanish-American war the United States emerged as a world power. The United States gained possession of the Philippines, Guam, and Puerto Rico. The United States was imperialistic in order to gain more military strength, gain raw materials for economic advancement, and achieve manifest destiny.
Commodore Dewey attacked the Philippines one week after the U.S. declared war on Cuba. At the time the Philippines belonged to Spain. The United States wanted control of the Philippines because it gave them possible ports and naval bases. Alfred T. Mahan, who was an admiral in the United States Navy, wrote a book called “Influence of Sea Power upon History”. The thesis of this book was that a strong navy is the key to world dominance. Alfred knew that expansion was necessary and that the navy could get the job done easily “Whether they will or not, Americans must now begin to look outward. The growing production of the country demands it.” (Mahan). After the war the United States had one of the most powerful navy’s in the world. In the beginning of 1898 the United States Navy consisted of six battles ships thirteen protected cruisers, six steel monitors, thirty-three unprotected cruisers and gunboats, six torpedo boats, and twelve tugs. The Navy realized this would not be enough to maintain a blockade of Cuba’s many ports. As a result, in March Congress passed a fifty million dollar bill so that the Navy could acquire more ships. The navy had purchased or leased 103 warships. Then another twenty-eight vessels were added from existing government...


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...seen that we do not intend to free, but to subjugate the people of the Philippines. We have gone there to conquer, not to redeem” (Twain). The Spanish- American War was not necessary but more of a choice, which is why Twain did not agree with the way the United States, was treating the Philippines.
Overall the United States did act with imperialism. They were more interested in gaining raw materials to advance and keep up with Europe. They invaded countries and took over to with the idea of manifest density. Lastly they strengthened their military to invade different countries and achieve world dominance. They acted as if they were interested in improving life for the countries they took over. In reality they seized the countries used their resources and tried to govern them. Some might disagree with this process, but it ultimately helped the United States advance.

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