First of all, imperialism improved the lives of the colonized people by aiding economic growth. The imperial powers prompted industrialization in the colonies, which is the development of advanced technology, leading to modernization in the colony. This is the change to a more modern, a more advanced country with new technology and better standards of living. These improvements then led to an increase in self-sufficiency, being able to maintain the colony’s economy by itself. In addition, industrialism improved the economy through an increase in wealth, products, and jobs. Imperialist powers also guaranteed certain natural rights to the colonized people, specific rights or freedoms that people are entitled to as people. With this, the citizens of the colony enjoyed many freedoms and the colony grew and thrived. For example, the British colony of Hong Kong prospered greatly. Under imperial rule, the city became a center for manufacturing, trade, and banking. However, when Hong Kong was nearing its return to China, thousands of people left the colony, fearing communist rule of businesses. (Hong Kong Reading). Through imperialism, British rule encouraged industrialization and modernization which led to visible growth in the economy as the city is described as a trade center and important in manufacturing and banking, which suggests that the industries and businesses prospered. Additionally, the fear of Chinese rule suggests that businesses operated better under British rule, which shows how impe...
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...e wants of the imperial power hurt the colonized people as the food shortages lead to widespread hunger. Also, the increase in famines suggests that the conversion in agricultural production led to mass starvation and death. The estimated amount of 15 million is a very large number, which shows the extent to which this conversion negatively impacted the Indian people. Through the connection between the increased production of cash crops to the great number of famines and deaths that occurred in India, it can be assumed that these people died due to the changes forced upon them by the British. This further emphasizes how the imperial power harmed the colonized people by causing many to die due to the demands of the imperial power. This demonstrates how the colonized people were hurt by imperialism as the forced conversion to cash crops led to mass starvation and death.
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