Nationalism led to the unification of Germany. In 1865-1871, the prime minister of Prussia Otto von Bismarck used nationalism to unify the originally separated German provinces. He united the German states through a series of “wars of unification” against Denmark, France and Austria. (Acemoglu, 2009) In 1871, William I of Prussia became Kaiser of Germany and this marked the Second Reich. Nationalism also led to the unification of Italy. Although the Italian peninsula shared a common language, they hav...
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...proletariat but it was the first time in history where the population successfully revolted against the monarchy and established a Republic. Although in 1799, the revolution seemed to have failed, by 1815 it appeared nullified and had widespread results. Feudalism that had been a part of Europe since the 9th century was abolished and the Napoleonic Code established social order and contractual relations. The French Revolution unified France and through nationalism enhanced the power of the national state. The revolution alongside with the Napoleonic Wars also destroyed the ancient structure of Europe and spread nationalism all over Europe. The widespread anomaly of nationalism led to the unification of Germany and Italy. The French Revolution is undeniably one of history’s most monumental events and its impact has had an irrevocable effect on 19th- century Europe.
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