The Impact Of Public Policies On Economic And Political Problems Essay

The Impact Of Public Policies On Economic And Political Problems Essay

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Discuss the arguments made by scholars such as Thomas Dye, Hebert Simon, Charles Lindblom and Edward Woodhouse among others, for the need to recognize the limitations of public policies in eliminating socio-economic and political problems.

Introduction.
The science of decision making has over the years captivated and produced many scholars of repute who have become authorities such as Thomas R. Dye and William Dunn. Not only individuals have grown to be giants of authorities in the field of public policy, but institutions like the Brookings Institution in the United States of America and Botswana Institute for Development Policy Analysis (BIDPA) have been established. The public and private organizations annually disburse funds to sponsor the facilitation of public policies geared towards ameliorating different socio-economic and political problems. These problems do not easily go away from the societies due to the fact that they are cyclical. According to Dye (2005, p 7), the maladies in the context of America are; ignorance, crime, poverty, racial conflict, inequality, poor housing ill health, pollution, congestion and unhappy families. While on the context of Botswana, the most pressing challenges are; high unemployment rate of 17.6 %, poverty level of 20.7 % and high income inequality (African Economic Outlook 2012, 2). Depending on the socio economic problems that prevail, governments through public and non-governmental organizations implement different policy models or mix some to conquer these problems. To Hayes (2001), public policy has rightly been presented as paralyzed and unable to cope with the demands, complexities, and challenges of a diverse society with a federated government in a globalized era. Hayes furth...


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..., “some of the economic activities with potential for creating employment opportunities, which Government will be undertaking during 2016/2017 include: infrastructure backlog eradication, road networks and maintenance, wildlife and tourism initiatives, continued implementation of EDD initiatives, creation of Special Economic Zones, as well as regulatory reforms and improving efficiency”. Matambo further conteded that the global financial and economic crisis caused the government to defer a number of projects, especially in the areas of social and economic infrastructure such as in education, health, and roads. It is for this reason the Governemnt has embarked on Economic Stimulus Programme to fast track the backlog eradication, which covers construction of classrooms, staff quarters, and customary courts; upgrading of health facilities; and rural electrification.

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