The Impact Of Political Parties On The United State 's Two Party System Essay

The Impact Of Political Parties On The United State 's Two Party System Essay

Length: 898 words (2.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Implementation of political parties was not the result of legislation put into effect, rather the consequence of the American people. Interest groups have unsuccessfully attempted to reach the magnitude of the United State’s two party system. The earliest stages of political parties contrasts quite drastically from the broad scope of Democrats and Republicans today. Historically, the third party candidates never achieved the same level of exposure or political success as their two party competitors.
In our current political climate, the prevalence of third party candidates still continues, despite the system making it near impossible for them to be elected. In the House of Congress, third party candidates rarely enter in the race, as no more than two candidates have occupied a seat since World War II (enter citation). The ability for two party system to continue is done in part by the presidential winner take all and the awarding of Congress seats.
French sociologist Maurice Duverger theorized in the 1950s that this kind of setup leads to what is effectively a two-party system. “Duverger’s law” states that third parties can’t compete because there is no prize for winning, for example, 15 or even 25 percent of the vote. This leads voters to choose candidates who are most likely to win, and it leads the parties to try to broaden their appeal to half of the electorate — and ideally more. When voters favor a party’s political ideals but have a choice between two candidates who both support those principles, that party will lose the election because those candidates will split the votes, allowing the other party to win with a plurality.
The United States, for example, allows each state to determine how a presidential candidate gets...

... middle of paper ...

... election, when he drew nearly 19 percent of the vote and helped deliver Democrat Bill Clinton a landslide win over incumbent Republican President George H. W. Bush.
As a result, politics in the U.S. is very restricted, with voters liable to apathy in the face of such limited choices. The winner-takes-all system is less democratic than systems of proportional representation, since the interests of those citizens who voted for a non-winning candidate will not be represented in government. Those in favor of the two-party electoral system in the U.S. point out that it fosters stability in government, and encourages both parties to moderate their views in order to appeal to the middle ground. They also suggest that voters might benefit from the ease of simply selecting between one candidate or the other, which is popularly known as voting for the "lesser of two evils."

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on The United States Judicial System

- The United States Judicial System is made up of several different courts, which includes the federal court system, the state court system, and the local court system. All three of those court systems handle different types of cases and have their internal structures and roles. The hierarchal structure of the federal court system consists of the Supreme Court, Courts of Appeals, Bankruptcy Appellate Panels, District Courts, Bankruptcy Courts, and Article I Courts (Hogan, 2010). The Supreme Court is the highest court in the nation....   [tags: United States, Supreme Court of the United States]

Better Essays
1041 words (3 pages)

The Legal System Of The United States Essay

- Overview While the overwhelming majority of legal cases cycle through the judicial system by settling out of court, courts remain crucial to the orderly operation of American society (Friedman, 1984). The court system as we know it is not unique to the United States. The American legal system is the result of the synthesis of other legal traditions brought on by early immigration, with elements of Dutch, Spanish, English, French, and even Native American law within the system. Perhaps most definitively, due to English colonial supremacy, the American system to most closely resembles the English legal system (Friedman, 1984) English Example From the English legal system, the American court sy...   [tags: United States, Law, Common law, Appeal]

Better Essays
1215 words (3.5 pages)

Political Parties in George Washington's Cabinet Essay

- A political party is a group of people who seek to win elections and hold public office in order to shape government policy and programs. George Washington warned the nation against creating political parties in his famous “Farewell Address”. He feared political parties would divide the country and weaken support of the Constitution (Doc 4). The first major political parties, the Federalists and the Republicans, were created during the term of President George Washington. Despite President Washington’s warning, the rise of the two political parties, in the years after his term was inevitable....   [tags: Federalists, democrats, republicans]

Better Essays
751 words (2.1 pages)

The Constitutional Underpinnings, Political, And Political Parties And Interest Groups

- This year in AP Government we covered several topics including constitutional underpinnings, political beliefs and citizen behavior, political parties and interest groups, along with the institutions of the government, civil liberties and civil rights as well as public policy. In this essay I will analyze the connections between these topics and how they work together to help our country 's government run smoothly. The constitutional underpinnings include characteristics embodied in our current government such as federalism, representative democracy, and John Locke’s philosophies....   [tags: Law, Separation of powers, Government, Rights]

Better Essays
1255 words (3.6 pages)

The United States Essay

- Following the inception of the United States of America, the newfound government experienced a period of tumultuous transformation which framed America’s foreign relations and policies, culminating in significant impacts on the future actions of the political elite. This significant period occurred from 1787-1848 and had numerous influential factors which served as a foundation upon which the United States could sculpt its administrative approaches to international affairs. Early in this period there were numerous legislative developments such as the ratification of the Bill of Rights and the Judiciary Act of 1789, which, among other advancements, resulted in the formation of the Supreme Co...   [tags: United States, President of the United States]

Better Essays
1281 words (3.7 pages)

Essay about Reforming America 's Democratic System

- In the U.S., especially among my fellow conservatives, talk about reforming America’s democratic system is quickly silenced. People don’t like change, especially when what they’ve got is working well. Reforming the Constitution is essential to our survival as a country. Without reforms, one finds little responsibility in government; but there have been reforms. Although, these reforms have taken us in the wrong direction. Democracy as we know it, is not the same as the Founders knew it and in the future, we will not even recognize it....   [tags: Democracy, Voting, Elections, Voting system]

Better Essays
867 words (2.5 pages)

Mass Media and Democratization in Indonesian Political System Essay

- This paper is going to talk about mass media and democratization in Indonesian political system. What kind of democratization it is. What are the influences of mass media in our society. In this paper, we are going to discuss it further. Since this issue is a reality which happened in our country. Moreover, it also has an impact towards the result of general election. This result will lead Indonesia to a better way or the opposite of it, which is the worst. Mass media, now, became one of the tools that are used by most of the political actors....   [tags: indonesia, democratization, political system]

Better Essays
1839 words (5.3 pages)

The United State Of America Essay

- The United State of America Founding Fathers created a lasting document when they wrote the Declaration of Independence in 1776. After the Revolutionary War, which was won by the colonies over the British Empire, the Founding Fathers created an document which would lay out all the laws of the new nation. Through this document they left the ability of the citizens to have a voice in how the government is run and who runs it. With the addition of the Bill of Rights, the Founding Father allowed citizens to know their basic rights are always going to be protected....   [tags: United States, United States Constitution]

Better Essays
1037 words (3 pages)

Essay about The United Kingdom, Iran, And Nigeria

- The basis of the world is built on interdependence. The actions that go on in one country will have some impact in another country. Throughout the past 20 years, global interdependence has created a sense of great competition between many national economies, yet this sense of competition has also created benefits and new opportunities in every part of the world. This kind of mutuality has led to the many politics, developments, conflicts, and social justices that all nations face today. It shapes and continuously changes the world in many ways....   [tags: United Kingdom, United States, World War II]

Better Essays
1705 words (4.9 pages)

A Comparison of UK and US Political Parties Essay

- A Comparison of UK and US Political Parties A party system as described by G.Sartori is "the system of interactions resulting from inter-party competition”. A one-party system cannot produce a political system, as we would identify it in Britain. One party cannot produce any other system other than autocratic/dictatorial power. Two-party system: as the title indicates, this is a state in which just two parties dominate....   [tags: Papers]

Better Essays
959 words (2.7 pages)