According to Curtis, Erikson referred to the ages of 4-6 as being the play age for children. Play is a necessary “form of self-expression and …is an important vehicle for expressing feelings” (Curtis & & O’Hagan 2003). Play enables a child to achieve control and gain confidence in him or herself. It is a chance for children to develop a cognizance about space, themselves and others (Curtis & O’Hagan 2003). Fantasy play is crucial to this process as it gives the opportunity to role play through various life experiences, both real and imaginary. “Erikson stressed the importance of the life- rehearsal element in fantasy play, suggesting that it helps children come to terms with social issues such as loneliness, failure and disappointment” (Curtis & O’Hagan 2003). These problems exist in everyday li...
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Charlesworth, R. (2014). Understanding Child Development (9th ed.). Cengage Learning
Curtis, A. & O’Hagan, M. (2003). Care and Education in Early Childhood: A Student's Guide to Theory and Practice. London: RoutledgeFalmer.
Erikson, E.H. (1963). Childhood and society. New York, NY: W.W. Norton and Company.
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