Babies come into this world with physical, and emotional dependencies to others and learn about the world around them, including about themselves through early human interactions. The role of the parents is to provide a solid, supportive foundation to facilitate interactions creating a secure, loving environment for the child to grow. At the core of the infant’s healthy social development is the mother-child relationship. Parenting style and how well the mother respond to child’s sensory social signals, effect child’s aptitude to bond to others including to their peers. However, other factors are important, such as father involvement, mother’s mental state and peers support.
The early life experiences and the quality of early interactions, shape the child’s healthy development, and primary responsibilities lie with the parents and caregivers. Their role is to provide children with unconditional love, basic needs of survival, a safe environment, emotional support and learning opportunities.
The most prominent and emotionally charged interaction is between the mother and the child. The mother relationship with the baby is fundamental to a healthy social, emotional, cognitive and physical development. Newborns are entering this world with essential characteristics to interact with others, being able to send sensory signals such as crying when hungry or in distress. The ability of the mother to respond to this signals has long-term consequences for child’s social development, and early deprivations of such quality interactions could develop into poor social and emotional skills (Gerhard, 2006,). For instance, children could develop an attachment issue as a consequ...
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...sised that children that experienced a positive, loving and constructive relationship with their parents have better perspectives to develop social skills, and consequentially improved interactions with their peers (Fielder, 2008).
In conclusion, the quality of early attachments, parent’s responsiveness and optimal parenting style are imperatively important for child’s social development. The quality of the primary interaction with the mother is beneficially for the child’s ability to form attachments. Because it create a base for security, trust and reciprocity, the child can relate later when crating future attachments. Parent’s responsiveness to physical and emotional needs translate through parenting style and research is bringing the conclusion that the optimal rearing practise is one based on flexible structure, support and consideration for child’s feelings.
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