Formal management can be traced back to 1700s, and people have been managing work for hundreds of years. However, the most important and obvious developments of management theory grew in the 20th century. With a background in mechanical engineering, a great number of classical writers focused on improvement of management in order to improve productivity. Scientific management, one of the subgroups of the classical approach, was proposed by F. W. Taylor in "The Principles of Scientific Management" (Taylor, 1947). Taylor (1967) believed that all employees would be motivated by money through working and producing efficiently and using scientific means can analyze and allocate all work processes into the independent task. He summarized a number of principles to guide management, including using the scie...
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... of the evolution of management from the 20th century to the current management practices indicate that there have been vast changes regarding how the employees are being managed in the organizations. The employees were previously considered as machinery and worked long hours in the bad workplace. Their wages were miserable and their welfare and need were disregarded. Whereas, now manager realize the importance of individual and treat the employees respectfully. Because only meeting individuals’ needs can they make good organization and make production efficiently. And the employees are motivated to participate in the activities of the company. It can be concluded that despite the increase in the innovative management practices, the management techniques require more consideration as employees are still not satisfied with how they are being managed in the companies.
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