To start, Liberalism traces its roots back to the Enlightenment period (Mingst, 2008) where many philosophers and thinkers of the time began to question the established status quo. Such as the prevailing belief in religious superstition and began to replace it with a more rational mode of thinking and a belief in the intrinsic goodness of mankind. The Enlightenment period influenced Liberalism’s belief that human beings are thinkers who are able to naturally understand the laws governing human social conduct and by understanding these laws, humans can better their condition and live in harmony with others (Mingst, 2008). Two of the most prominent Liberal Internationalists of the Enlightenment period were Immanuel Kant and Jeremy Bentham who both thought that international relations were conducted in a brutal fashion. It was Kant who compared international relations as “the lawless state of savagery” (Baylis and Smith, 2001, pp 165). It was also Kant who believed nations could form themselves into a sort of united states and overcome international anarchy through this (Mingst, 2008). This was probably the beginning of a coherent belief in a sort of union of sovereign states. Toward the end of the seventeenth century William Penn believed a ‘diet’ (parliament) could be set up in Europe, like the European Union of today (Baylis and Smith, 2001). We can see much of this liberal thinking today in organizations such as the United Nations.
Another influential work to hav...
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...g principles and core beliefs. The United Nations has continuously through its history worked for and advocated collective security measures through international diplomacy and through its deployment of Peacekeepers throughout troubled areas worldwide. Its collective security measures are another example of the beliefs set down by Kant (Baylis and Smith, 2001).
The Mont Pelerin Society, although not as influential as the United Nations, is still another example of the sort of classic liberal think tank which exists today. It has had some notable and influential members including Nobel Prize winners Milton Friedman and Vernon Smith. Although it is unclear how it may have influenced state actors in the past.
There are many more liberal organizations and this is just a small example of the many which exist worldwide which have influenced International Relations.
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