WHAT WERE THE EFFECTS OF GENGHIS KHAN AND HIS HORDE OF MONGOL FOLLOWERS’ CONQUESTS? DID IT HAVE POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE IMPACTS?
AP World History 2014
December 14, 2014
From a comparatively miniscule group of herders that continuously and firmly pursued the common lifestyle of nomadic pastoralists into lustful yet brutal “barbarians”, the Mongols’ way of life had molded into an exceptionally powerful empire that was both vulgar and uncivilized though still ahead of its time, ideationally. With perhaps the largest contiguous empire, the conquered land spanned the bulk of Eurasia. Lead by a ruthless leader, the nomads north of China managed to accomplish more than an increasing amount of influence and size. This leader, Genghis Khan, arguably one of the most influential leaders since human existence was famous for his ferocious brutality in war tactics, however, some of the some of the most astounding accomplishments were his ability to stimulate unity among a multitude of differing cultural groups, form his own version of government, and stimulate economic trade and commerce.
The militarized strategies that occurred commonly among various conquests were a result of personal experience and a nurturing aspect that came from the environment. Prior to his name as Genghis Khan, Temujin developed while contending with the cruelty of his natural surroundings. With frequent clan or tribal rivalries, Temujin became well-informed amongst foraging for survival and inherent betrayal between other people. Harsh environments instilled a sense of survival while the fear of being killed or conquered planted the growing seed of a need for power and security. Unique styles of warfare that continuously replay...
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...built roads that promoted trade and put more paper money, following China’s example, into circulation that was always backed by precious metals. Finally, paper money spread westward as well. While paper money helped the Mongols for a limited amount of time, excessive printing depreciated the value of that money.
The Mongol Empire also strongly supported peasants and instilled measures of relief as in tax remissions and granaries. These actions provided an insight to thought that improving peasant economy would increase tax revenue and be beneficial.
Ultimately, despite the Mongol Empire’s destruction and fall, their politically advanced leadership and military, openness to all cultural aspects, and methods of improving economy were mostly positive and beneficial in terms of impacting the world.
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