THE IMPACT OF DIFFERENT PARTY SYSTEM CONFIGURATIONS ON HEALTH CARE REFORM IN THE UNITED KINGDOM AND GERMANY

THE IMPACT OF DIFFERENT PARTY SYSTEM CONFIGURATIONS ON HEALTH CARE REFORM IN THE UNITED KINGDOM AND GERMANY

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THE IMPACT OF DIFFERENT PARTY SYSTEM CONFIGURATIONS
ON HEALTH CARE REFORM IN THE UNITED KINGDOM AND GERMANY

INTRODUCTION
The Labour Party in the United Kingdom (UK) continues to come under fire. The National Health Service (NHS) reform that has been carried since 1997 scroll reap endless wave of protests. The updated protests recorded on 10 November 2013, which criticized the amount of salary received by 428 very senior managers in the NHS. The salary has been blamed as one of the causes the NHS budget increased fourfold (http://www.theguardian.com/society/2013/nov/10/nhs-super-managers-428-nurse-pay).

Similar conditions experienced by the Grand Coalition parties in Germany. They also faced a number of demonstrations against the health care reform plan launched by the government in 2005. However the debate could be alleviated with the approval of the Health Care Reform Bill in 2007 (Haverland & Stiller 2010, 437-438).

Health care is one of the important policies produced by the political parties because it involves the lives of many people (Hicks 2013, 207; Schmidt, 1996, 155; Dean, 1999, 1). Political parties as one of the main pillars of democracy, become the voice of the people. They formulate policies that reflect the health care reform constituency preferences (Picot 2013, 2; Mukherjee 2011, 601-602; Hicks 2013, 208; Katz and Crotty 2009, 161-163). According to Stokes (1999, 264), if the party represents of ideas dan the interests of constituents to the government, it will contribute to the creation of a quality democracy and justice for all people.

However, why the implementation and outcomes of health care reform in the field can be different? It cannot be separate from the configuration of the party system adopted by ...


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