Harold Adrian Russell Philby was born New Years Day, 1912, Albama, Punjab Province, India. His father was a famous explorer of Arabia and was held in high regard to the British Crown. Lieutenant Bernard Law Montgomery, a figure who would become a well-known General in World War II, was a cousin to the family. Philby received the nickname. “Kim”, from the fictional character from the book “Kim”, Rudyard Kipling, a intriguing spy novel. Philby grew up well educated and very much aware of the world. He spent most of his young life aboard. When World War I began, Philby’s father was assigned as an intelligence officer in British Intelligence. In 1929, the elder Philby abandoned his family in London and traveled to Arabia, converted to Islam, and become the newfound companion of King Ibn Saud.
Meanwhile, Philby grew into manhood and entered Cambridge University in 1929, after finished his undergraduate at Trinity College. He becomes friends with four unique individuals, Anthony Blount, Guy Burgress, Donald Maclean, and John Carincross. These individuals formed the Cambridge Apostles, a secret society. Later in life, these individuals would be known as the “Cambridge Five” or “The Cambridge Spy Ring.” This group became strongly Marxist and pro-Stalin. In 1933, Philby graduated Cambridge and bought the complete works of Karl Marx as a graduation pr...
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...nd country. Monru, 2001). Hansen’s role model since the age of 14…..was Kim Philby.
Munro, Richard. “Kim Philby Had a Remarkably Long Career with British Intelligence - Spying for the Other Side.” Intrigue, June 2001.
Simkin, John. “Kim Philby.” Spartacus Educational. November 19, 2013. Accessed November 19, 2013.http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/SSphilby.htm.
Kim Philby. In Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Retrieved 16 November 2009.
Agent?". indiebound.org. Retrieved 12 February 2011.
Carey, George. “Kim Philby: The Spy Who Went Into the Cold.” BBC. November 17, 2013. Accessed November 20, 2013. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-24803131.
Tweedie, Neil. “Kim Philby: Father, Husband, Traitor, Spy.” The Telegraph. January 23, 2013. Accessed November 20, 2013. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/history/9818727/Kim-Philby-Father-husband-traitor-spy.html
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