The Apology is regarding Socrates defense of himself at the time of his trial. Socrates, a wise philosopher is brought in the courtroom and the Athenian jury convicts him on corrupting the youth of Athens and not believing in God. The Oracle of Delphi pronounced Socrates to be the wisest of the Greeks and around the world. Socrates unconvinced, went around systematically to find someone wiser than himself, from poets, politicians, and craftsman. The Socratic method made everyone he conversed with seem irrational and this made him disliked by the Greeks. Socrates believed himself to be a gadfly because “this is the kind of role the god gave me when he attached me to the city, and the result is that there’s never a moment when I’m not waking you up and cajoling and rebuking you, each one of you, the whole day long, settling on you wherever you may be” (30e). Socrates considered his activity of philosophy to be caring out his religious duty. Thus, he believed that it was his divine mission and that he would never stop philosophizing and continue fighting for the good. Socrates was certain that one ought to take care of their soul, not corrupt and pay attention to the body as the soul is eternal.
Socrates spoke at various points regarding the nature of life and death, ways on how one should understand and evaluate the larger structures of life. Socrates was not afraid of death and as seen in The Apology, he mentions that during a tr...
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...e to recognize this state of equality based upon their knowledge of equality. “Whenever someone recollects something from things that are like it, mustn’t he always have this additional experience, of having in mind whether or not this thing he’s starting from is deficient at all in respect of its likeness to the thing he’s recollected?” (74a) One can never find true equality or perfect justice in anything that is material but encounters and perceives it through their senses and mind. Likewise, beauty is beyond being, where every beautiful thing participates and some participating more than the other, thus immaterial beauty becomes beautiful. Things are beautiful just because they connect in some way to the ideal form and because the idea of being beautiful. All sorts of beautiful objects vary in terms of their beauty and there is nothing that is perfectly beautiful.
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