Is the human soul mortal or immortal? With death does one fall into nothingness or does one survive death, passing into another way of existing? This is a question that has agitated thought for ages. There is something within all human beings that lives on forever. Even when death is upon us, the soul of a human being never dies. Thus, we arrive at the statement that the human soul is immortal. The purpose of this paper is to explain how the human soul is immortal through analyzing various philosophies.
The soul is defined as the "vital principal" or the principle of life. It is the first source of life in a living being. It is the thing that makes a living thing live. It is the thing that separates living beings from non-living beings. (1) It is the first source of life in a living being. It is the thing that makes a living thing live. With this in mind, it is evident that all living things have a soul; this includes animals and even plants. However, just like there are different grades of life, there are different grades of soul. Unlike animals and plants, human beings have a rational life; therefore, they have a rational soul.
Immortality is a complex idea in society, even today. Immortality is the indefinite continuation of a person’s existence, even after death. (2) Immortality implies a never ending existence, regardless of whether or not the body dies. In order to understand the immortality of the human soul it is important to understand the difference between an individual’s body and soul. The body is the physical object of an individual, which lives until death, and then decomposes. On the other hand, people connect soul to an individual’s personality. The soul may also be associated to the mind. Th...
... middle of paper ...
... learning of important things is remembered. Meaning that the knowledge we acquired before birth was lost by us at birth, and afterwards by the use of the senses we recovered that which we previously knew. For example, we are able to perceive that two sticks are equal in length but unequal in width only because we have an innate understanding of the form of equality.(4) That is, we have an innate understanding of what it means for something to be equal even though no two things we encounter in experience are themselves perfectly equal. Since we can grasp this Form of Equality even though we never encounter it in experience, our grasping of it must be a recollection of immortal knowledge we had and forgot prior to birth. This argument implies that the soul must have existed prior to birth, which in turn implies that the soul’s life extends beyond that of the body’s.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- In Plato’s dialogue, the Phaedo, Socrates gives an account of the immortality of the soul. Socrates does this through a series of arguments. He argues that the soul will continue to exist, and that it will go on to a better place. The argument begins on the day of his execution with the question of whether it is good or bad to die. In other words, he is arguing that the soul is immortal and indestructible. This argument is contrary to Cebes and Simmias who argue that even the soul is long lasting, it is not immortal and it is destroyed when the body dies.... [tags: Soul, Life, Death, Plato]
1321 words (3.8 pages)
- Plato taught his contemporaries of the idea of the soul and how it has a desire and goal to become a pure. To do this Plato stressed that every human being must compare him or herself to the most high, Godly truth. To accomplish this, humans were expected to live by the universal example by struggling with bodily temptations and sins to be able to keep the soul pure. Plato’s thoughts became the forerunner and basis for many religions in his time and overall applied to all humans as a code of how to live.... [tags: Plato, Soul, Democracy, Republic]
979 words (2.8 pages)
- In the Laches and the Phaedo, courage and virtue are discussed in depth. Also, arguments for the possibility of the existence of the immorality of the soul are given in the Phaedo. In the Laches, Socrates and two generals, Nicias and Laches, wrestle with how exactly to define courage. After discussing and working their way through two definitions of courage, Nicias proposes a third definition of courage. However, this definition of courage that he proposes is actually the definition of virtue. When the dialogue comes to an end, no definition of courage has been reached.... [tags: Philosophy ]
1983 words (5.7 pages)
- Morality and Immorality in Othello William Shakespeare’s tragic drama Othello presents to the audience a picture of many different shades of morality and immorality. It is the purpose of this essay to elaborate in detail on this thesis. Roderigo’s opening lines to Iago in Act 1 Scene 1 take us to the very root of the problem: Tush. never tell me; I take it much unkindly That thou, Iago, who hast had my purse As if the strings were thine, shouldst know of this.... [tags: Othello essays]
1245 words (3.6 pages)
- Innocence vs. Immorality in Othello In William Shakespeare’s tragic drama Othello we find a wide array of moral and immoral conduct, a full range of life’s goodness and badness. Let us in this paper examine the specific types of each, and how they affect the outcome. In Shakespeare’s Four Giants Blanche Coles comments on the lack of veracity in Iago’s speech: The story that Iago tells Roderigo about the promotion of Cassio over him is not true, although it has been accepted by many discriminating scholars.... [tags: Othello essays]
1382 words (3.9 pages)
- Does God exist. Philosophers and individuals alike have searched to find the answer to this question. Some may believe in resurrection, others in Dante’s Inferno, however philosophy aims to answer such ethical questions using skepticism as an approach. The premise of The Meditations by René Descartes, questions whether the immortal soul is real and if there is a God. Descartes concludes that God does exist, justifying his reasoning with the fact that he thinks. If one thinks, one exists. This conclusion leads to a discussion between the mind existing separately from matter.... [tags: Immanuel Kant, Philosophy, Ontology, Metaphysics]
1003 words (2.9 pages)
Right and Wrong in The Picture of Dorian Gray by Oscar Wilde and A Streetcar Named Desire by Tennesse Williams
- Morality, defined as the “beliefs about what is right behavior and what is wrong behavior,”(“Morality”) is the substructure of our integrity and the column of virtuousness. The opposite of this, immorality, is the corruption of one’s being, becoming more wicked in nature. With morals, a person is held to a certain set of standards and demeanor, but if these morals were to become corrupted, a person’s moral boundaries would crumble, leaving the person vulnerable to misguiding influences and allowing for a certain barbarous freedom to uproot the integrity and virtuousness a moral person upholds.... [tags: morality, immorality, corruption]
1909 words (5.5 pages)
- Classical Greece is noted for various contributions to modern society. Perhaps one of their biggest contributions is the development of philosophy. Socrates, a well-known Greek philosopher, gave the modern world the Socratic Method, among others. He challenged many Athenian values while reaffirming others. Unfortunately, all that is left of his teachings are those that were written down by his students, most notably by Plato. Through Plato’s Apology and Phaedo, Socrates’s argumentative and dialogue styles reaffirm the Athenian value of participatory culture while refuting the value of relative glorification of the human body in effective and ineffective ways.... [tags: Socrates, Plato, Socratic method, Soul]
1194 words (3.4 pages)
- The Belief of the Soul in Judaism and Christianity For centuries great philosophers and Church Fathers have influenced our view on the human soul; Plato in the Phaedo, Aristotle in the De Anima. Fast forward to modern society, soul is often referred to as deep human emotion or nature such as in soul music or soul food. However despite this coined definition somewhat relating to the true essence of the soul, there is a much more deeper and richer understanding from the viewpoint of religions. Despite Christianity being a religion stemming from Judaism, and establishing their own views and doctrines, there are evident similarities regarding the human soul.... [tags: Soul, Life, Immortality, Death]
1245 words (3.6 pages)
- ... Mr. Ramsay desires that his ideas remain important and in a state of stagnation for years to come but he is also confronted with the idea that Lily realizes, everything comes to an end. Mr. Ramsay’s ideation is also present within Oscar Wilde’s novel The Picture of Dorian Gray. The idea of legacy is clearly shown when Dorian Gray has a moment of pure envy and states, “I am jealous of everything whose beauty does not die” (Wilde 29). While Mr. Ramsay desired the stagnation of his philosophical ideas and literature Dorian desires the stagnation his own of beauty.... [tags: legacy, painting, immorality]
1074 words (3.1 pages)