Australia is often described as one of the ‘classical countries of immigration’.
The concept of being a ‘nation of immigrants’ is at the center of Australian identity.
Australia is a unique country, and it has a long history of population growth due to
immigration. Australia is a young country and has not fully developed. It is commonly
called “The Land of Opportunity.” This paper will discuss the history of immigration,
the history of the immigration policy, the economic, social and cultural, and the
population impacts of immigration to Australia.
The History-Immigration to Australia
The history of immigration to Australia started before 1770. The first human
inhabitants of Australia were the Aborigines. The word Aborigine is derived from Latin
and means “from the beginning”. This is not the name that the Aborigine people called
themselves; they prefer Koori, and the name Aborigine was given to the native
Australians by the Europeans. It is a mystery of how they came to Australia around
60,000 years ago, however, they may have walked and sailed there from Asia. They are
dark-skinned people belonging to the Australoid group. The Aborigines were nomadic
hunter-gathers. They roamed from place to place, gathering fruits, nuts and yams, which
they ate. They were hunters who used spears and boomerangs to kill animals. “There
were around 300,000 aborigines in about 250 tribal groups before the first white settlers
came to Australia.” (http://www.ozramp.net) Each group had its own territory, traditions
beliefs and language. The Aborigine people were the first Australians, the first human
inhabitants of Australia.
The first encounter with settlers was called the “First ...
... middle of paper ...
The History of Immigration to Australia Website,
Australian Immigration Fact Sheet-Key Facts on Immigration Website: August 2001
How Many Australians can our Environment Support? Website
Immigration for the Education of Students Website:
Ruddock, Philip MP, 2001. ‘Current Migration Program to lift Australian Living
C.Bean, ‘Open or Closed Bounties: Immigration and Australia’s Population in the 21st
century, 20-21 May 1996.
Assaf, Joseph, ‘Australian Immigration’, 1995.
Department of Immigration and Ethnic Affairs, 1996, Fact Sheet 33: Immigration-Key
Statistics Canberra, DIEA.
Bureau of Immigration and Population Research, 1993, ‘Asia Pacific Migration to
Australia’ BIPR Bulletin No. 10, p. 53.
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