Immigration Is A Problem That The United States Essay

Immigration Is A Problem That The United States Essay

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Immigration is a problem that the United States has faced for many years. Immigration to the United States started in the early 1600 's during the first European settlements when they settled on the east coast. The first successful English colony started in 1607 in Jamestown, Virginia.Once tobacco was found to be a profitable crop, many plantations were established along the Chesapeake Bay in Virginia and Maryland.This began the first and longest era of immigration, lasting until the revolution in 1775; during this time settlements grew from initial English toe-holds in the New World to the British America.Large numbers of young men and women came along as indentured servants to the colonies who needed help on the farms,or shops.They were provided housing,food,clothing and training but did not receive wages.At the end of there service(usually in their early 20 's)they were free to marry and start their own shops or farms.

Later on in the 1620 's a few hundred English Pilgrims migrated to the United States,seeking their religious freedom in the New World.They established a small settlement near Plymouth,Massachusetts.Tens of thousands of English puritans came to Boston,Massachusetts and adjacent areas from 1629-1640 to create a land dedicated to their religions.Large scale immigration to this region ended before 1700,but a small steady trickle of arrivals continued.

The Dutch established settlements along the Hudson in New York starting about 1626.Wealthy Dutch patroons set up large estates along the Hudson River and brought in farmers who became renters. Others established trading posts and traded with the Native Americans and started cities such as New Amsterdam(now known as NYC) and Albany,New York.

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...flux of newcomers resulted in anti-immigrant sentiment among certain factions of America’s native-born, predominantly Anglo-Saxon Protestant population.

Immigration plummeted during the global depression of the 1930s and World War II.Between 1930 and 1950, America’s foreign-born population decreased from 14.2 to 10.3 million,according to the U.S. Census Bureau.After the war, Congress passed special legislation enabling refugees from Europe and the Soviet Union to enter the United States.In 1965, Congress passed the Immigration and Nationality Act, which did away with quotas based on nationality and allowed Americans to sponsor relatives from their countries of origin.As a result of this act,the nation experienced a great shift in immigration patterns.Today, the majority of U.S. immigrants come from Asia and Latin America rather than Europe.

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