Essay on Immigration And Nationality Act Of 1965

Essay on Immigration And Nationality Act Of 1965

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The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965, also as known as the Hart-Cellar Act, was a crucial act about immigration policy of the United States in the twentieth century. This act was enacted by the 89th United States Congress. It became effective on June 30, 1968. The 1965 Immigration Act caused a steady increase in immigration. It made some major adjustments about immigration’s target population. It created the basic standards for new admissions of immigration which were mostly still applicable today. It also had significant influence on the United States’ labor market and welfare system. Paul Johnson only mentioned the effects of the Hart-Cellar Act a few times in his textbook, mainly just about the increase in immigration population. There was also some mistakes with the statistics he tried to use.

The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 was signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson on October 3, 1965, next to the Statue of Liberty. There is a bronze plaque inside of the lower level of the Statue of Liberty with Emma Lazarus’s poem “The New Colossus”. Here is the ending of this famous poem:

"Give me your tired, your poor,
Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free,
The wretched refuse of your teeming shore.
Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me,
I lift my lamp beside the golden door!”

82 years after Emma Lazarus wrote this poem, the Hart-Cellar Act strongly reinforced this part of the poem. Although this poem has been engraved inside of the Statue of Liberty since 1903, the main focus of the United States’ immigration policy has never been “your tied, you poor, your hauled masses” before the 1965 Immigration and Nationality Act. This act made some major changes to the target population of immigration to...

... middle of paper ...

... 48% of college grads agreed that.

Native workers’ response was the long run effect of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965. Because a huge amount of labor force suddenly entered the states like California and Florida, some native labors suffered lower wage and even unemployment. They started to move the states with less immigrants such as Nevada and North Dakota.
As the chart shown above, the trend line of the ratio of “change in native population in 1970-90, relative to 1960-70 change” to “change in immigrant population in 1970-90, relative to 1960-70 change” predicts that for every 10 additional immigrants, 8 fewer natives reside in the state. The empirical agreed with the prediction that native labors will move to place with less immigrants as a response to the massive flood of low skilled immigrants brought by the 1965 Immigration Act.

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