Immigrant Rights in the Shadows of Citizenship by Racheal Ida Buff Essay

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Xenophobia: an unreasonable fear or hatred of foreigners or strangers. This an age old concept that has stricken groups of people since the era of exploration. Americans have notoriously fallen victim to this. Since the first British Colonist sailed over in the year 1585, there has been a tradition set to fear the foreign. In Racheal Ida Buff’s “Immigrant Rights in the Shadows of Citizenship” immigrations are critically analyzed in regards to minority relations to the white majority, mostly resulting in persecution or exclusion. The indigenous people of North America and the Chinese are the two groups that will be focused on. The Native Americans or “Indians” are the first new or foreign group these new Americans have to learn to cohabitate with. Then comes the influx of Chinese immigrants caused many white Americans to fear for the economy. Both peoples had to deal with the contrasting views of themselves and the white Americans’ view. From W.E.B Du Bois “The Souls of Black Folk” his idea of double conscious can be applied to both Native Americans and the Chinese. Double Consciousness is the idea of a veil being put over one so that others cannot see you clearly but you see yourself for who you are and how others view you; this creates the double consciousness and the dual self-perception. The Native Americans and the Chinese became painfully aware of this new perspective of themselves and were forced to cope with it. Xenophobia continues to test Americans with races relations to African Americans, Mexicans and other minority groups.
To begin with the Native Americans, these indigenous people of North America have been greatly persecuted by the new British Colonists that would soon breed the offspring that will carry the xenoph...

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...ion Act: 1882. N.p., 1998. Web. 06 Mar. 2014.

Works Cited
Berkhofer, Robert F. The White Man's Indian: Images of the American Indian from Coloumbus to the Present. New York: Vintage, 1979. 31 Aug. 2011. Web. 3 Mar. 2014.
Boxer, Andrew. "Native Americans and the Federal Government." History Today. History Review, 2009. Web. 04 Mar. 2014.
Daniels, Roger. Asian American: Chinese and Japanese in the United States since 1850. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Web. 3 Mar. 2014.
Hoxie, Fredrick E. "A Final Promise: The Campaign to Assimilate the Indians, 1880-1920." Google Books. Univeristy of Nebraska Press, 2001. Web. 06 Mar. 2014.
Staff, "Chinese Exclusion Act." A&E Television Networks, 2009. Web. 05 Mar. 2014.
Williams, Jenny. "The Chinese Exclusion Act." Chinese Exclusion Act: 1882. N.p., 1998. Web. 06 Mar. 2014.

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