Immanuel Kant was a German philosopher during the Enlightenment, a time when dramatic changes were taking place in philosophy, the sciences, and politics. He was born on April 22, 1724 in Konigsberg, Prussia, a town that he would never leave. His father was a saddle maker, and his mother was known for her character and natural intelligence. Kant’s family lived modestly, and was active in the Pietism branch of the Lutheran Church. Kant’s pastor made it possible for him to receive an education, by admitting him to the Pietism School at the age of eight. Here Kant studied Latin and theology until he was sixteen. (3)
Following the Pietism School, Kant enrolled at the University of Konigsberg as a theology student; however, his true passions lied in science and mathematics. In 1744 he began to study the work of Isaac Newton, a physicist, and Christian Wolff, a Rationalist philosopher. Their beliefs influenced him to write his first book, De Igne (On Fire), which addressed problems regarding kinetic forces. The death of his father in 1746 required Kant to put his academic career on hold, by forcing him to withdraw from university and look for a way to support himself. (3)
For the next nine years Kant worked for three different families as a tutor. This job brought him sixty miles from Konigsberg to Arnsdorf, the furthest he would ever venture from his hometown. Arnsdorf provided Kant with an insight into the social graces and society of a city that he had yet to experience. (3)
In 1755, Kant returned to school with the assistance of a friend. Soon after he completed his degree, and began his role of lecturer, or Privatdozent, of mathematics and physics. By 1756 he had published three dissertations on scientific developments ranging fr...
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.... Due to a conflict of interest, educators are not allowed to instruct their own child similarly to what Kant recommended. These teachers may unintentionally focus more on the progression of their child, rather than the class as a hole, which is what Kant wanted to avoid.
Finally, Kant believed in a tightly scheduled school. Today, schools are scheduled down to the minute, with recess time scheduled as well. Students are not to be given free time unless it is their recess period.
To conclude, Kant was a brilliant philosopher during the Enlightenment that contributed greatly to the fields of physics, philosophy and education. His ideas can be found in works such as The Critiques, Religion within the Limits of Reason Alone, De Igne, and the Theory of Education, to name a few. An influential philosopher, his thoughts on education can still be seen curriculums today.
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