Immanuel Kant 's Philosophy Of Knowledge, Reality, Existence And Thought Processes

Immanuel Kant 's Philosophy Of Knowledge, Reality, Existence And Thought Processes

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Philosophy is the study of knowledge, reality, existence and thought processes. Immanuel Kant from Prussia, (currently Russia) for whom was influential during the Enlightenment period; and John Stuart Mill from Great Britain whom was present during the Romantic era, explored ideas that they believed would create a more fair and just society, by trying to legislate morality. Morality cannot be legislated because it is a concept of right and wrong created by each different religion, region and culture; issues are not black and white.

The idea of enslaving another for someone else’s own personal gain has made an impact all throughout history and still continues to effect the world today, either in it’s traditional sense or modern sense. “What is done may accord with what duty commands, nevertheless it always remains doubtful whether it is really done from duty and thus has a moral worth,” (Ground work for Metaphysics of Morals, 2nd Section, Immanuel Kant, 1797). Kant’s believed that morality could be explained through three different notions of duty; from duty which are moral actions, according to duty are prudential actions and against duty are immoral actions. Therefore Kant would not have been in favor of slavery because most of your actions should be according to duty because you should honor your responsibilities and do the things that is right, not what you want to do. While it might be easier and more lucrative to have used black slaves like Americans used prior to 1760, it was not morally right. “Greatest happiness principle holds that actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness. By happiness is intended pleasure, and the absence of pain; ...


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...hical because it doesn’t not serve a purpose for the greater good, which could lead us to believe that Mill would not have been an advocator of the sport but he would be for the sake of survival because humans use there time more usefully than animals.

The enlightenment philosopher, Immanuel Kant, and romantic philosopher John Stuart Mill, most likely would not have seen eye to eye on many things if they happened to live during the same time period but they would agree of the idea of preserving life and happiness. It is within human nature to observe the world and see how we could possibly make it better in our own image, but morality cannot be legislated because of those exact reasons. Morals are not universal; they are expressed through the eyes of the beholder determined by a person’s upbringings that can be influenced by religion, culture and experiences.

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