Immanuel Kant 's Moral Theory Essay

Immanuel Kant 's Moral Theory Essay

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Immanuel Kant is a philosopher of the early centuries, one of his well-known works is his moral theory which can be referred to as Deontology. The moral theory arises from the principle behind Deontology which is derived from -deon which signifies rule or law and -ology which means the study of. Kant designed his moral theory to be contradictory to utilitarianism which is a moral theory that focuses on the outcomes of an action. Beside other factors the moral theory is a non-consequentialist moral theory which in basic terms means the theory follows a law based system of making judgements and disregards the consequences. Kant once said “Actions are only morally good if they are done because of a good will” however, for Kant a good will is complex and one in itself. A good will is the only thing good in itself since the will does not rely on external factors. Following the principle of doing the right thing and having respect for the moral law strengthens the good will but having a good intention for others is not enough. An inclination or intention of doing a good deed is inadequate for an action to be considered morally praiseworthy.
In a good will an action differs in acts from duty and acts in accord with duty. The difference between the two is when acting from duty one qualifies for moral praise and when one acts in accord with duty they do not qualify for moral praise since the act was done with the person’s motivation or inclination. The notion of a good will is somewhat dense since there are certain requirements necessary for an action to be considered morally good or praiseworthy. As stated before, the only thing in the world that is unconditionally good is a good will. Ultimately the mindset of the individual is importa...


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...ertain inclinations and focus on the task with the sole purpose of duty. Correctness is in the eye of the beholder, whether an action is correct depends entirely on the actions and consequences. Having a good will can do a lap, but the action goes the mile. With that being said having the sense of duty or trying to do the right thing does not justify the action if the action causes harm to the person. This keeps in mind the person that is possibly affected by the action. Ultimately Kant’s Deontology is something that I do consider to have praise, but I cannot agree with the statement that a morally good action is done with a good will since a will is more than acting from duty since a will is to consider being altruistic. An action cannot be deemed morally good on the basis of a good will since there are too many factors to keep in mind in the context of an action.

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