Essay about Immanuel Kant 's Metaphysics Of Morals

Essay about Immanuel Kant 's Metaphysics Of Morals

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Immanuel Kant’s “Groundwork to the Metaphysics of Morals” answers the question of, where does the moral value or worth of an action reside by stating the only thing that can be completely good is a good will itself. He voices that even good moral acts and good moral things can have a negative result. Good will is a formal law like how gravity is a law, in order to have a good-willed society, everyone must obey this moral, universal law. The specific requirements of good will are performed by duties, these duties are designed to attain, “this notion that always holds the highest esteem in estimating the value of our actions” (Kant, 116). “The Motive of Duty” examines to accomplish duties, people have to be motivated by what is morally right rather than their own natural inclinations. Kant’s “Categorical Imperative” is the highest principle to morality. It has to be applied universally and it’s the formula of humanity. By giving false promise is an example of violating this moral law because if someone lies to get out of a life or death situation some may think that’s right but others may believe that lying can lead to greater consequences in the future. This demonstrates that lying can never be a universal law because if everyone gave false promises, there wouldn’t be a thing such as a promise. The goodness of a person cannot stem from acting on impulse or natural inclination. Kant supposes the act of a person who overcomes a lack of sympathy for other people out of respect for duty has moral worth, whereas the act of a person who naturally takes pleasure in spreading joy does not. Kant articulates that in this statement, “That it is an estimation of the worth which far outweighs all worth of what is recommended by inclination, and...


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...’t control out moral thinking but they shouldn’t be replaced either, but that care can be recognize for having unnatural tendencies and misleading concepts. Both care and justice are important to the creation of morality. Held rejects the idea that an ethic justice of care is in conflict with the ethic of justice because a society needs both in order to thrive. Care is the most basic necessity to life, people experience receiving since birth and providing care throughout their lives’. If a society only treats individuals with justice, the social structure will not include trust and concern. Held considers the fact that justice deals with moral minimums, meaning justice only focuses on ensuring that the injustices or inequalities are served and that’s it. Held believes the ethics of care, cannot be reduced to an aspect of either kind of ethic of justice or virtue of e

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