Immanuel Kant was born April 22, 1724 in Konigsberg, Prussia, which is now Kaliningrad, Russia (“Immanuel Kant”). This was a beautiful town with lots of traveler’s right on the Baltic Sea. Immanuel Kant was very liked by the town’s people and not one time in his life left this town of Konigsberg. He also went on the exact same walk at the same time every day. There was only two times in his adult life that his walk was interrupted. The first was when he passed David Hume’s book on morals and the second was when he saw a poster on a tree about the French Revolution.
Immanuel’s father, Johann Georg Cant, was a harness maker and his mother, Anna Regina Cant, was an uneducated German woman. Both parents were devoted followers of the Pietism branch of the Lutheran church. This taught that religion belongs to the simplicity of the inner life and obedience to moral law. The influence of their pastor made it possible for Kant, the fourth of nine children, to obtain an education. In 1740, Kant enrolled at the University of Konigsberg as a theology student, but soon found interest in physics and mathematics. In 1746 his father died and he had to leave the university to work as a tutor to help his family, but he soon returned in 1755 to receive his doctorate in philosophy. Fifteen years later Kant became a professor at that same school teaching logic and metaphysics. In 1781, Kant published his most famous piece, the Critique of Pure Reason, which explains how to understand how the world works. Kant also focused on ethics and came up with what is known as the moral law, or the categorical imperative, which determines right from wrong. He published a few smaller pieces and ended by revising his theories in what is known as Cri...
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...he law for themselves is at the heart of human dignity. The Kingdom of Ends formula says that the categorical imperative is the law and it’s in our hearts. It also is said to be influential in contemporary debates (“Categorical Imperative”).
Categorical means “by definition.” Imperative means “command.” Kant simply came up with this categorical imperative to test rationality. He believed humans do things because it is the right thing to do. Two important quotes came from this man, “It is not Gods will merely that we should be happy, but that we should make ourselves happy,” and “Morality is not the doctrine of how we may make ourselves happy, but how we make ourselves worthy of happiness” (“Immanuel Kant Quotes”). Immanuel Kant is considered the central figure of modern philosophy and will forever be influential on the moral ethics that are still thought about today.
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