Kant argues that the moral law should be a categorical imperative, which on the other hand binds unconditionally. Whether you want something is not an issue, one just has to obey the command. The moral law has no exceptions and is binding on all people regardless of their wants. For example, let us say you fall from a building, you cannot object as you are falling and simply exempt yourself from the law of gravitation because regardless if you do or not you are going to fall anyway. Neither can you exempt yourself from the mo...
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... formulation of the categorical imperative would have to be fair from all perspectives which means that it would require reciprocity, “Always act in such a way that your are both legislator and legislated in the kingdom of Ends.” The moral law would have to do with the command that one ought to act in such a way that ones actions could be done by all persons with any contradictions. For instance, imagine living in a society where we were blind to the empirical differences among ourselves, and that no one acted from inclinations, but rather acted out of respect for the moral law. Notice, since all differences among agents have been neutralized with respect to their behavioral consequences, everyone would act in the same ways and endorse the same moral rules. Curiously, as with the first formulation, ethics is at once subjective and universal and necessary.
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- ... For example, in real life some of these laws can be governmental laws, rules and conditions imposed by someone else or authoritative figure, or even desires and emotions cause by other people or other things. Human beings, however, do not only act in reaction to the laws imposed on us. If we were to only do that, we would not be called rational as rationality entails being able to make our own decisions based on logic or reason and not just by impulse or instinct. To be a rational being, Kant argues that we act in accordance to “principles” that we conceive ourselves.... [tags: Morality, Immanuel Kant, Human, Ethics]
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