Immanuel Kant And John Stuart Mill Essay example

Immanuel Kant And John Stuart Mill Essay example

Length: 1435 words (4.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

When you ask your friend what ethics means to them you may get a different answer. You may hear responses that reference religion, laws or whatever feels morally right. The framework for ethics suggest that feelings, religion, law, science, and cultural influences should not be considered when determining if what your about to do is ethical. Here is what you do consider ethical reasoning,
• Utilitarian, do the most good or the least amount of harm.
• Rights, treat people with dignity and not a means to an ends, if you can’t treat everyone ethically then it should be fair.
• Common Good, create strong relationships to build a community that works together for a common good.
• Virtue, values such as self control, compassion, love, and honesty for example, that are consistent with our development of humanity.

Two of the most important philosophers are Immanuel Kant and John Stuart Mill. Kant believed our brains were hard wired to know what’s right and wrong. When you apply that idea to ethics you have a duty based idea known as deontology, to sum it up you do the right thing because it’s the right thing to do. You do it without regard to consequences of your actions. After further consideration Kant took it a step further and asked what could everyone agree on that’s rationally good? This was the foundation of the Categorical Imperative essentially meaning “a rule that is true in all circumstances”. http://www.bbc.co.uk/ethics/introduction/duty_1.shtml#h There are three rules
• You only do something if its ok for everyone to do it all the time.
• Everyone should be treated as an end and not a means to an end.
• Behave as though you are the moral authority.
No more lies, no more acting with regard to the consequenc...


... middle of paper ...


...le and let go of a little. Each of these authors have put a lot of time and effort into their beliefs to determine what’s morally right. The Fried’s and Harris discuss what they think needs to happen, the way it should be. Dershowitz goes into the argument with a level head, without emotions and personal morality. He objectively states a case for morality on a larger scale. How do these individuals fit into the workings of Kant and Mill? It’s easy to see the Fried’s fit nicely into the ideology of duty ethics. Harris is right there with Mill in doing what is right for the greater good. While Harris is trying to be a do gooder and the Fried’s are sticking with treating everyone the same, Dershowitz proposes better outcome. His ideas would not be endorsed by the ideology of Deontology or Utilitarianism; his idea would fit under the umbrella of Consequentialism

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Immanuel Kant And John Stuart Mill Essay example

- Even though at the first glance, the two most influential philosophers in human history - Immanuel Kant and John-Stuart Mill seem to have a lot of disagreements on the central concepts of their moral philosophies – for example, while Kant is concerned more about the intentions of an action, Mill, on the other hand, believes that the consequences of an action are the only justification necessary for an act to be good or moral or right, they still have beliefs in common, such as the concept of the greater good and base their moral systems on a fundamental first principle....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Utilitarianism, Immanuel Kant]

Strong Essays
1502 words (4.3 pages)

Immanuel Kant And John Stuart Mill Essay example

- When you ask your friend what ethics means to them you may get a different answer. You may hear responses that reference religion, laws or whatever feels morally right. The framework for ethics suggest that feelings, religion, law, science, and cultural influences should not be considered when determining if what your about to do is ethical. Here is what you do consider ethical reasoning, • Utilitarian, do the most good or the least amount of harm. • Rights, treat people with dignity and not a means to an ends, if you can’t treat everyone ethically then it should be fair....   [tags: Ethics, Morality, Deontological ethics]

Strong Essays
1435 words (4.1 pages)

The Works Of Philosophers Immanuel Kant And John Stuart Mill Essay

- Animal Experimentation The works of philosophers Immanuel Kant and John Stuart Mill have been used more substantively in animal advocacy movements, even though Mill’s utilitarianism was genuinely animal amicable at the time; he believed that in any circumstance the right action would be the action that have a tendency to minimize the pain and suffering, and expand the pleasure and happiness, of all humans and animals which in return should impact our treatment of animals. Immanuel Kant a philosopher who is often mention in animal advocacy movement did not believe we had any direct ethical duties to animal....   [tags: Animal rights, Animal testing]

Strong Essays
992 words (2.8 pages)

Moral Actions by Philosophers Immanuel Kant and John Stuart Mill Essay

- In the making of my own argument on the elements that justify a right or wrong action, I will reference two of the most influential philosophers, Immanuel Kant and John Stuart Mill. In order to make this paper easy to follow, I intend to focus on one of the arguments formed by each of these men. I will evaluate how both of Kant and Mill’s principles fits into the morals of right and wrong. Kant gives us a categorical imperative that urges one to Act only according to that maxim by which you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law (Kant), and Mill states that actions are right as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness (Mi...   [tags: Right, Wrong, Philosophy]

Strong Essays
957 words (2.7 pages)

Happiness: John Stuart Mill vs Immanuel Kant Essay

- Happiness. People go to any means by which to obtain the many varied materials and issues that induce pleasures in each individual, and intrinsically, this emotion remains the ultimate goal, John Stuart Mill, a nineteenth century philosopher, correctly advocated the pursuit of happiness, and maintained the concept that above all other values, pleasure existed as the final destination, Mill's hedonistic views correctly and rationally identified a natural human tendency, and his Utilitarian arguments strongly support the theory that above all else, happiness is the most important dream to be fulfilled....   [tags: Utilitarianism Essays]

Free Essays
1354 words (3.9 pages)

John Stuart Mill And Bernard Williams Essay

- Utilitarianism is a difficult topic to fathom, for it requires a large amount of questions and self-evaluation. In order to understand utilitarianism, think of bad versus bad. A principle stating that when one is faced with two difficult decisions, which choice would be less harmful for all of those involved. John Stuart Mill and Bernard Williams describe utilitarianism as pain versus pleasure or the lesser of two evils approach, and how that approach ties into ones ultimate choice. Utilitarianism is not about the pursuit of happiness, rather, it is really about picking which evil is the best evil....   [tags: Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Morality, John Stuart Mill]

Strong Essays
934 words (2.7 pages)

Essay on Immanuel Kant Versus John Stuart Mill

- Immanuel Kant Versus John Stuart Mill Immanuel Kant and John Stuart Mill; two opposing philosophers of their time. Even though they were living in different countries, their works have been against each other. In his book, Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals, Kant argues that there is nothing better than wanting goodwill by itself. He emphasizes the importance of goodwill over and over again and tries to show how effective moral philosophy can be if goodwill is used as the key element....   [tags: Papers Philosophy Morals Moral Essays ]

Strong Essays
1168 words (3.3 pages)

Utilitarianism, By Jeremy Bentham And John Stuart Mill Essay

- Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill are credited for developing the idea of utilitarianism. Simply put, utilitarianism is doing the most good for the greatest amount of people. In this ethical system, an individuals rights are essentially less important than the good of the majority. Happiness is what is valued in this ethical system. Ultimately, the action that leads to the most good is the right ethical action. Basically, no act is simply right or wrong, but rather it depends on the happiness that comes out doing that act....   [tags: Ethics, Morality, Immanuel Kant, John Stuart Mill]

Strong Essays
711 words (2 pages)

A Comparison of John Stuart Mill and Immanuel Kant's Ethical Theories Essay

- Compare Mill and Kant's ethical theories; which makes a better societal order. John Stuart Mill (1808-73) believed in an ethical theory known as utilitarianism. There are many formulation of this theory. One such is, "Everyone should act in such a way to bring the largest possibly balance of good over evil for everyone involved." However, good is a relative term. What is good. Utilitarians disagreed on this subject. Mill made a distinction between happiness and sheer sensual pleasure. He defines happiness in terms of higher order pleasure (i.e....   [tags: Societal Order Universability]

Free Essays
3195 words (9.1 pages)

Immanuel Kant's Ethics Of Pure Duty and John Stuart Mill's Utilitarian Ethics Of Justice

- Immanuel Kant's The Grounding For The Metaphysics of Morals and John Stuart Mill's Utilitarianism Immanuel Kant and John Stuart Mill are philosophers who addressed the issues of morality in terms of how moral traditions are formed. Immanuel Kant has presented one viewpoint in "The Grounding For The Metaphysics of Morals" that is founded on his belief that the worth of man is inherent in his ability to reason. John Stuart Mill holds another opinion as presented in the book, "Utilitarianism" that is seemingly in contention with the thoughts of Kant....   [tags: Kant Mill Philosophy Philosophers Essays]

Strong Essays
2744 words (7.8 pages)