• Utilitarian, do the most good or the least amount of harm.
• Rights, treat people with dignity and not a means to an ends, if you can’t treat everyone ethically then it should be fair.
• Common Good, create strong relationships to build a community that works together for a common good.
• Virtue, values such as self control, compassion, love, and honesty for example, that are consistent with our development of humanity.
Two of the most important philosophers are Immanuel Kant and John Stuart Mill. Kant believed our brains were hard wired to know what’s right and wrong. When you apply that idea to ethics you have a duty based idea known as deontology, to sum it up you do the right thing because it’s the right thing to do. You do it without regard to consequences of your actions. After further consideration Kant took it a step further and asked what could everyone agree on that’s rationally good? This was the foundation of the Categorical Imperative essentially meaning “a rule that is true in all circumstances”. http://www.bbc.co.uk/ethics/introduction/duty_1.shtml#h There are three rules
• You only do something if its ok for everyone to do it all the time.
• Everyone should be treated as an end and not a means to an end.
• Behave as though you are the moral authority.
No more lies, no more acting with regard to the consequenc...
... middle of paper ...
...le and let go of a little. Each of these authors have put a lot of time and effort into their beliefs to determine what’s morally right. The Fried’s and Harris discuss what they think needs to happen, the way it should be. Dershowitz goes into the argument with a level head, without emotions and personal morality. He objectively states a case for morality on a larger scale. How do these individuals fit into the workings of Kant and Mill? It’s easy to see the Fried’s fit nicely into the ideology of duty ethics. Harris is right there with Mill in doing what is right for the greater good. While Harris is trying to be a do gooder and the Fried’s are sticking with treating everyone the same, Dershowitz proposes better outcome. His ideas would not be endorsed by the ideology of Deontology or Utilitarianism; his idea would fit under the umbrella of Consequentialism
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