Illinois Geological Hazards Essay example

Illinois Geological Hazards Essay example

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The state of Illinois is at risk from two major seismic zones, the New Madrid Seismic Zone, and the Wabash Valley Seismic Zone. The New Marid Seismic Zone is located in the Central Mississippi Valley and includes portions of Alabama, Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Missouri, Mississippi, and Tennessee. The Wabash Valley Zone is located between southeastern Illinois and southwestern Indiana.
The earliest report of an earthquake in Illinois is in the year of 1795 at Kaskaskia. This particular phenomenon only lasted for a minute and a half. Subterranean noises were heard and it was also felt as far as Kentucky. Due to the thin frontier population, an accurate location is not possible and the shock may have originated outside the State. Among the largest earthquakes occurring in Illinois was the May 26, 1909, a vibration which knocked over many chimneys in Aurora, a suburb of Chicago. It was felt over 500 thousand square miles and strongly felt in Iowa and Wisconsin. Buildings flexed in Chicago where there was fear that the walls would collapse.
Less than two months later a second intensity VII earthquake struck on July 18, knocking down chimneys in Petersburg, Illinois, and at Hannibal, Missouri, and Davenport, Iowa. Over twenty windows were broken, bricks loosened and plaster cracked in the Petersburg area. It was felt over only 40,000 square miles.
Illinois Emergency Management Agency (IEMA) has mapped out areas and earthquake zones of Illinois. The most dangerous zones are located in the southern part of the state. IEMA has also made available online several prepare guides and checklists for disasters. The state also has a READY Illinois initiative to help with the outreach of disaster planning. Illinois' Ready to...


... middle of paper ...


... mitigation strategies. Analysis of several landslides within the New Madrid Seismic Zone indicated that the landslides were stable, but failure is possible during an earthquake of the magnitude experienced in 1812.



Works Cited

"IEMA Links." Illinois Disaster Recovery Plan (IDRP). N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Nov. 2013. .
"IEMA Links." Welcome to IEMA. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Nov. 2013. .
"Illinois State Geological Survey." Earthquakes. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Nov. 2013. .
Puchner, Martin. The Norton anthology of world literature. 3rd ed. New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 2012. Print.
"The Great Central U.S. ShakeOut - Get Ready!." The Great Central U.S. ShakeOut - Get Ready!. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Nov. 2013. .

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