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ISSUES TO UNDERSTAND CH. 14
1) The Compromise of 1850 was a dispute on whether or not Mexico (gained by US) would become a slave or free state. The northerners didn't want the 36'30' line to be moved to the Pacific and the southerners didn't want "free soilism" which would make Mexico a free state. Northerners gained from the Compromise California as a free state, New Mexico and Utah as likely future slave states, a favorable settlement of the New Mexico-Texas boundary, and the abolition of the slave trade in the District of Colombia. Southerners gained the burial of the Wilmot Proviso's persistence of new territories being free states, but the position of the free-soilers remained viable, for the compromise left open the question of whether Congress could prohibit slavery in territories outside the Mexican cession. How did the Compromise of 180 affect Southerners?
2) The Fugitive Slave Act affected the relationship between the two sides because often when a slave would leave and escape to the North, northerners wouldn't do anything to help get the slave back, in fact, in most incidents northerners tried to help keep slaves away from southerners if they escaped. South began to realize that opposition to slavery in the North was a threat to what they believed.-What was the Fugitive Slave Act and how did it hurt Southerners?
3) Uncle Tom's Cabin made many people convert to the belief that slavery was wrong and evil. It caused many people to view southerners as evil people. It also made northerners have sympathy for black slaves.-How did this book affect people's view of slavery?
4) The second party system collapsed because Whigs began to split into two groups: the American (know-nothing) Party and the Republican Party. Whigs also began to fall apart because of immigration. They thought immigration would not be important because they wouldn't be a big enough force for voting. So when the Whigs tried to get immigrant votes it just backfired and caused them to lose some ground with Protestant Whigs because the party had a hard anti-immigrant stand. What was the second party system?
5) The Nebraska-Kansas Act made many people angry because they thought that it was another territory that would be a slave state and not free. The idea of making it a state was to benefit Northerners because they were going to put a railroad system going through the Midwest to the pacific.
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"If Slavery were Considered Moral." 123HelpMe.com. 18 Nov 2019
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6) The Republican Party was established to be a sort of refuge for antislavery voters. The party was a coalition of "formers": former Whigs, former Democrats, and former Know-Nothings. It stood for Free- Soilers, the Missouri Compromise and abolitionism.-Why was the Republican Party made?
7) Many things caused the civil wars in Kansas. Most recognizable of these is the fact that proslavery Missourians rode into Kansas to make sure that slavery becomes law. By doing this though they had to cheat and were eventually found out. This caused an uproar, so proslavery men began to attack antislavery cities and vice a versa. Why was Kansas referred to as "Bloody Kansas"
8) James Buchanan, John C. Fremont, and Millard Fillmore. Democratic, Republican, and American. Issues were on slavery. Important because it was the end of the Know-Nothing Party and signaled the start of moderate candidates. Democrats needed to find more people like Buchanan because he appealed to Southerners and Northerners alike. Why was the election of 1856 important?
9) The decision in the Dred Scott case was that Scott remains a slave because he was never allowed to sue the federal courts. It impacted every type of person. Free-soilers thought that this decision was wrong because it didn't follow the Missouri Compromise. Supporters for popular sovereignty thought it was wrong because it showed the judge as proslavery. Proslavery southerners were happy.
10) Senator Douglas broke because Buchanan endorsed the Lecompton constitution. He also was mad that the constitution was not voted on and that slavery was just automatically going to be part of Kansas. The Democrats began to like Douglas and pulled even farther away from Buchanan. Some of Buchanan's own party members began to be alienated from the part.
11) Lincoln took the position that free-soil was the only way to make states decide if they want slavery or not. He also argued that the Dred Scott decision made Congress have no authority to exclude slavery from a territory. Douglas argued that voters of a territory could effectively exclude slavery simply by refusing to enact laws that gave legal protection to slave property. He also didn't care whether slavery was voted for or not, just as long as the vote was done fairly. Lincoln won; this made him famous in the north and infamous in the south.
12) John Brown's raid at Harpers Ferry caused much commotion in the South. The south didn't think much of it until they found out the Brown was funded by Republican abolitionists in the North. This caused the South to worry about slave uprisings and began to raid other places thought to be in league with slaves. These southerners were known as fire-eaters. South and North become even more separated.
13) Candidates were Abraham Lincoln, John C. Breckinridge, Stephen A. Douglas, and John Bell. Parties were Republican, Democratic Southern, Democratic Northern, and Constitutional Union. Republicans made headway by two protective tariffs: federal aid for internal improvements and the granting of free 160-acre homesteads to settlers out of publicly owned land. Democrats defended popular sovereignty against free soil. Democrats fought over whether there should be protective tariffs of slave states or not. Constitutional Union was against the Nebraska-Kansas Act and against the Lecompton Constitution, but took no real stance on slavery. Lincoln won the race.
14) The lower southern states decided to secession from the rest of the US because Lincoln was elected President. The idea of him stopping slavery from extending was a direct threat to the institution as a whole because the South believed Lincoln merely raised this issue to get votes. The upper south then joined the confederacy when Lincoln sent 75,000 men to their native soil. This made the confederacy whole and ready for battle.
15) The battle at Fort Sumter touched off the war between the two sides. And compromises were failed because Lincoln thought the only compromises would have to distinguish free soil, the idea that founded his party.