Essay about The Ideology Behind Forward By Niccolo Machiavelli

Essay about The Ideology Behind Forward By Niccolo Machiavelli

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The ideology put forward by Niccolò Machiavelli is best understood given the context of the era he was brought into. His writings reflect the views of an individual nearing the end of the Renaissance period, following the era of St. Augustine’s medieval Christian thought. Christianity’s hold on Rome prior to the mid-13th century was coupled with the necessity of pushing beyond the desires of the body and reaching for the higher goal of Goodness. Christianity’s notion of virtue was aimed at the attainment of happiness in the next life, not glory in this one. The individual was to be first devoted to their selfless love and devotion of God for their own future salvation. However, the Renaissance period brought about a shift that focused more on earthly matters, and Machiavelli was able to experience his political community’s shift from the Christian church’s central hold to the spread of humanism. The individual started becoming the central factor in the universe as Augustine’s notion of divine providence dissipated, and one was able to utilize their own free will to devote oneself to the life of human excellence in hope of acquiring the greatest possible amount of honor, glory and worldly fame. Machiavelli’s attack on both the Christian and pre-Renaissance value system centers on his concept of virtù. An examination of what he meant by this takes us into the reality of his approach to morality and politics.
Machiavelli was the first political scientist to look and explain what is going on in politics as opposed to what should be going on in the political realm, and brought the issue of politics and piety into clear light: he disengages the issues of the good from political activity. This political philosophy provides that it is im...

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...ntially result in less violence and cruelty in the long run when compared to communities ruled by a prince who maintains a stubborn devotion to morality.
The reputation that Machiavelli has earned through the passage of time as immoral and merciless is exactly the lesson he tries to portray in his political writings. His beliefs were something he believed should be heard, and his decision to take action he found justified tainted the public’s view of him. His sacrifice to publish his works, despite the decline in his public image, eventually led to national recognition of his beliefs that will remain influential for years to come. His ability to see beyond the ideal has set the stage for centuries of political thinkers to debate over the line of action justification, and has opened the world stage to a philosophy built by using humanity as the fundamental framework.

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