The ideological perspective reflected in the source is supportive of political liberalism. Liberalism is a philosophy founded on the beliefs of liberty and equality. These qualities are clearly represented in the source examples being “guard the freedom of ideas at all costs” as well as “respect and preserve the rights of the people.” It also expresses concerns for authoritarian rule, “be alert that dictators have always played on the natural human tendency to blame other and to oversimplify.” Advocates of political liberalism rejected the absolutism of the past, in which individuals served the collective interests of the state, and instead, engaged in a political struggle for less authoritarian rule. These advocates displayed support for truly democratic systems of government. Philosophers Locke, Montesquieu, Mills, and Volaire all conveyed their own ideas and beliefs geared towards political liberalism. Locke believes in popular consent and popular sovereignty, ideas that still play a major role in modern liberalism. Montesquieu sought out the implementation of a separation of powers using a system of checks and balances in order to keep the government accountable for their actions. While Voltaire stated “I may not agree with what you say but I will defend to the death your right to say it.” This directly links to the ideological perspective of the source as it practically recites his words in the following line “respect and preserve the rights of the people you disagree with.”Political classical liberalism emerged during the French Revolution. A classically liberal government is main function is to protect the life, liberty, and property of individuals also considered individual natural rights. Any laws tha...
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... under strict supervision of the Nazi regime showing a complete violation of democratic rights. Leading us to believe that the ideological perspective of the source should be embraced to an extreme extent.
The ideological perspective presented in the source is critical of political authoritarianism and totalitarianism showing its support to political liberalism. After clearly examining the ideological perspective of the source it is apparent we should fully embrace political liberalism so as to protect the civil liberties of both the majority and the minority, to promote the fundamental rights and freedoms of individuals, and to ensure the accountability of governments through the promotion and protection of democratic rights. The blatant disrespect for majority and minority rights under authoritarian rule only further supports embracing the source to a full extent.
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