Many experts will argue that torture is an unreliable means of getting useful information. Two examples of differing views of the use of torture come from Mill and Kant. Each of these philosophers have strong opinions and stances of the moral and ethical use of torture.
Mill would say that Pain is bad, pleasure is good so with everything being equal, though people have many different and conflicting moral beliefs, people agree that pain is bad, and pleasure is good. (Be sure to cite this)
His theory on ethics is that torture is acceptable if it brings happiness/pleasure to the majority of people than if the torture were not carried out. For example, if one terrorist has information that will prevent an act of terror that would prevent the death of hundreds of innocent people and by obtaining this information it would likely save all of those lives he would probably agree that the use of torture would be acceptable; even justified given the likelihood of the number of lives that would be impacted.
Kant’s view emphasizes the importance of rationality, consistency, impartiality, and respect for persons in the way we live our lives. If Kant is correct that moral absolutes cannot be violated, then he prevents any loopholes, self-serving exceptions, and personal biases in the determination of our duties. (Be sure to cite this)
In contrast Kant theory is based on a rigid black and white view. He doesn’t approve of basing decisions on emotions and states that emotions can cloud the issue. He emphasizes the importance of using rational though, impartiality and respect for the way people live their lives. To this point moral absolutes can’t be violated under any circumsta...
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...omparison of the authors’ positions and the positions of Mill and Kant
Mill would only support torture if there was a high chance of obtaining something useful from it, not for justice or something. Kant would be opposed because it is the moral conviction of torture being wrong why one should not undertake in it. One extra wrench is that Kant would not be opposed to the idea of torture, or the ethical stance on the issue, because only the actions would really matter in the real world. Aristotle, on the other hand, or another virtue ethicist is more of an idealist, in which if one COULD perform torture but only chooses not to, that person is a bad person
That the circumstances surrounding terroristic acts the need for torture by siting examples and upping the ante by appealing to the fears of a variety of people and their need to protect their lives and families.
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