To Sparta, having the most powerful military in the world was the most important priority at the time. Raising healthy children and preparing them to serve in the military was the way youth were educated in Sparta. Children were thought to not be afraid of anything and have courage. As Plutarch states, “The children grew up free and unconstrained in limb and form, and not dainty and fanciful about their food; not afraid in the dark, or of being left alone; without any peevishness or ill humor or crying” (Plutarch, 1). The Spartans needed strong, healthy, and courageous children who were obedient. When children reached the age of seven they had to join specific classes or companies where they will gain discipline, strength, and experience (Plutarch, 1). As Plutarch describes, “As soon as they were seven years old they were to be enrolled in certain companies and classes, where they all lived under the same order and discipline, doing their exercises and taking their play together” (Plutarch, 1). The main objective was to bestow discipline, teamwork, and courage in these young boys. Preparing them to fight in battl...
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...Chrysippus wished them, if possible, to be women of some knowledge; at any rate he would have the best, as far as circumstances would allow, chosen” (Paragraph 2, Quintilian). It was preferable for women to have knowledge on how to raise a child properly. Identically, Spartans had the same view, women were expected to be housewifes and caretakers. Plutarch states, “Upon this account, Spartan nurses were often brought up, or hired by people of other countries; and it is recorded that she who suckled Alcibiades was a Spartan woman” (Plutarch , 1). Spartan women were expected to have knowledge on raising a strong and healthy boy.
In conclusion, the two sources establish how both the Spartans and the Romans had the same reason behind educating their kids. Both Sparta and Rome tried to educate the young in a way that would benefit their society and sustain their culture.
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