In a healthy heart, oxygen-poor or de-saturated blood returns to the right atrium from the body, flows to the right ventricle. Then it is pumped through the pulmonary artery into the lungs, where it becomes oxygen-rich or saturated. The saturated blood then returns to the left atrium from the lungs, passes into the left ventricle and then is pumped out to the rest of the body through the aorta (UofMMedical, 2013).
All babies are born with two structures in their heart that close a few days after birth. The first is a blood vessel that connects the pulmonary artery to the aorta, called a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). The second is a patent foramen ovale (PFO) which is an opening in the wall between the left and right atria or the atrial septum (ChildrensMn.org 2013).
In a baby born with HLHS the left side of the heart is too small and weak to properly pump the saturated blood to the baby's body. This may not be a problem yet because the blood is not going into the poorly functioning left ventricle of the heart but is instead flowing through the PFO into the right atrium and ventricle. Then it is pumped into the pulmonary artery to the lungs and through the PDA to the aorta and the rest of the body. This means that the blood is mixed and the right side of the heart pumps this mixed blood to ...
... middle of paper ...
... 13). Cystic Fibrosis Therapies. Retrieved November 2013, from http://www.cff.org
Danielle Scotto, R. L. (2010, September). Cystic Fibrosis. Retrieved November 2013, from Kidshealth: kidshealth.org
Mayo Clinic Staff. (2012, August 24). Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome. Retrieved November 2013, from Mayo Clinic: http://www.mayoclinic.com
University of Michigan. (2012, September). Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome. Retrieved November 2013, from C.S. Mott Children's Hospital: http://www.mottchildren.org
University of Minnesota Medical Center. (2013). Your Child's Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome. Retrieved November 2013, from Univeristy of Minnesota Medical Center, Fairview Health Library: http://www.uofmmedicalcenter.org/healthlibrary
Wong, D. L., Hockenberry, M. J., & Wilson, D. (2011). Wong's Nursing Care of Infants and Children 9th ed. . St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Mosby.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Hypoplastic left heart syndrome, or HLHS, is a rare congenital heart defect. This means that it is present at birth. It is the underdevelopment of the left side of the heart, which is the side that pumps oxygen-rich blood to the rest of the body. A diagnosis of HLHS may encompass a variety of defects in the left side of the heart, with the most commonly affected structures being the left ventricle, mitral valve, aorta, and aortic valve. In a healthy heart, oxygen-poor or de-saturated blood returns to the right atrium from the body, flows to the right ventricle.... [tags: Heart Defect, Diagnosis, Treatment]
2104 words (6 pages)
- Congenital Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome Congenital hypoplastic left heart syndrome is a severe heart condition that is not curable. However, surgical advances have helped change the outcome of this heart condition. Once a severe heart condition that was classified as fatal has since been changed to not knowing how long a child will survive with this condition. If surgery is not succeeded within the first month of the child’s life, it lowers the chance of survival for the child. Unfortunately, there is no scientific evidence of the cause of congenital hypoplastic left heart syndrome.... [tags: Heart, Blood, Pulmonary artery, Right ventricle]
1026 words (2.9 pages)
- Fontan and Baudet detailed in their article the first Fontan procedure in the early seventies . Since then, the Fontan procedure has been applied for palliation of single ventricle (SV) patients. Multiple modifications of the original procedure were introduced to improve morbidity and mortality. Short and long term outcomes of the Fontan procedure were studied heavily by numerous investigators [2, 3]. Wellbeing of SV patients, following Fontan palliation, going into adolescent and adulthood was the core of multiple meetings in the 21th century.... [tags: Heart, Artery, Atherosclerosis, Blood]
1460 words (4.2 pages)
- First and foremost, Eisenmenger syndrome was initially described in 1897 when German physician, Victor Eisenmenger, reported on a patient with symptoms of dyspnea and cyanosis from infancy that subsequently developed heart failure (Connolly, 2014). The postmortem description was revealed and a ventricular septal defect was discovered (El-Chami et al., 2014a). With that being said, this had been the first time that the link between a large congenital cardiac shunt defect and the development of pulmonary hypertension had ever been noted (El-Chami et al., 2014b).... [tags: Heart, Blood, Lung, Pulmonary artery]
1207 words (3.4 pages)
- Is it really possible to die of a broken heart. When people hear about broken heart, they typically think that you have broken up with a boyfriend/girlfriend, and believe that the phrase “broken heart” is just that, a phrase. Those thoughts are incorrect because a broken heart is a real thing. Many people haven’t heard of “Broken Heart Syndrome” or “Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy.” What is broken heart syndrome. It is a syndrome that occurs when there is a sudden heart failure that occurs about an emotional trauma.... [tags: Heart, Cardiac muscle, Hypertension]
2000 words (5.7 pages)
- The human heart weights about 0.4% to 0.5% of the human body, averaging roughly 250 – 320gm for females and 300 – 360mg for males. The overall structure of the heart consists of two ventricles, the left ventricle (ventricular wall: 1.3 to 1.5cm thick) and the right ventricle (ventricular wall: 0.3 to 0.5cm). Any increase in ventricular wall size indicates hypertrophy which is the increase size of muscle tissue and the enlarged chamber size implies dilation. Both hypertrophy and dilation can compensate changes in the bodies response to heart disease (Vinay Kumar, mbbs , md , FRCPath, Abul K.... [tags: Heart, Blood, Myocardial infarction]
932 words (2.7 pages)
- The Left Ventricle of the Heart The left ventricle is one of the four hollow chambers of the heart. Being the largest chamber, it has an ovular shape and it occupies most of the left lateral and anterior planes of the heart. It also occupies most of the apex of the heart. The walls of the left ventricle are denser and stronger than that of the right ventricle. The thicker walls of the left ventricle support its tremendous workload of pumping blood at great pressure out of the heart. As the left atrium contracts, the mitral valve opens, which releases stored oxygen rich blood into the left ventricle.... [tags: Heart Anatomy, Health]
833 words (2.4 pages)
- Before you can understand the the difference between left and right heart failure. First you need to understand the heart and how it works also what can cause these type of condition to happen. In this paper I will discuss the symptoms and treatments and causes for types of heart failure and how the importance of a health lifestyle can prevent these condition from happening. The heart is an organ in the body that continuously pumps blood through your body. The heart is structured with blood vessels, arteries and is located on the left side of the body under the rib cage and is the size of a clenched fist depending on the size of the individual.... [tags: Heart, Myocardial infarction, Heart failure]
707 words (2 pages)
- The Cardiovascular system contains the heart and blood vessels (which has arteries, capillaries, and veins). This system pumps the blood throughout the vessels all over the body to deliver substance to the cells of the body (like delivering food to cells) and removes waste from the cells (for example a garbage man picking up waste the cells do not need). (Fremgen, Bonnie F., Suzanne S. Frucht., 2013). Here’s a fun fact: A heart can beat without the body because of its own electrical impulses. As long as it has oxygen it can keep pulsing even when separated from the body.... [tags: Heart, Blood, Left ventricle, Artery]
790 words (2.3 pages)
- Marfan syndrome is an inherited disorder that affects the connective tissue of the body (“What is Marfan Syndrome?” n.d.). The connective tissue plays a vital role in supported the tendons, heart valves, cartilage, blood vessels, and more parts of the body (“Connective Tissue,” n.d.). “What is Marfan Syndrome?” (n.d.) explains that the condition has no cure, and those who have it lack strength in their connective tissue, affecting their bone, eyes, skin, nervous system, and lungs. Furthermore, Marfan syndrome is common, and it is imperative to understand how the body is affected by it, the symptoms, and the treatment of this condition.... [tags: Marfan syndrome, Heart, Aorta, Blood, Pneumothorax]
943 words (2.7 pages)