Essay about Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

Essay about Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

Length: 1530 words (4.4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Approximately, 1 of every 500 people is affected with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, it is important for patients to understand the dynamics of the disease as it could potentially be life threatening. In most cases, the patients quality of life is not affected, but a few will experience symptoms that cause significant discomfort or undetected complications that could lead to sudden cardiac death. With that in mind, it would be beneficial to recognize what it is, specific causes, the steps of diagnoses, and the options for treatment.
What is it?
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is an inherited disease that affects the cardiac muscle of the heart, causing the walls of the heart to thicken and become stiff. [1] On a cellular level, the sarcomere increase in size. As a result, the cardiac muscles become abnormally thick, making it difficult for the cells to contract and the heart to pump. A genetic mutation causes the myocytes to form chaotic intersecting bundles. A pathognomonic abnormality called myocardial fiber disarray. [2,12] How the hypertrophy is distributed throughout the heart is varied. Though, in most cases, the left ventricle is always affected. [3] The heart muscle can thicken in four different patterns. The most common being asymmetrical septal hypertrophy without obstruction. Here the intraventricular septum becomes thick, but the mitral valve is not affected. Asymmetrical septal hypertrophy with obstruction causes the mitral valve to touch the septal wall during contraction. (Left ventricle outflow tract obstruction.) The obstruction of the mitral valve allows for blood to slowly flow from the left ventricle back into the left atrium (Mitral regurgitation). Symmetrical hypertrophy is the thickening of the entire left ven...


... middle of paper ...


...edical Association
[9] "Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy." American Heart Association. ©2014 American Heart Association, Inc., n.d. Web. 27 Mar. 2014.
[11] Nishimura, Rick A., Ommen, Steve R., Tajik, A.J., (2003) Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy: A Patient Perspective. Dallas, TX: American Heart Association,
[12] Ho, Carolyn Y, MD; López, Begoña, PhD; Coelho-Filho, Otavio R, MD; Lakdawala, Neal K, MD; Cirino, Allison L, MS, CGC; Jarolim, Petr, MD, PhD; Kwong, Raymond, MD; González, Arantxa, PhD; Colan, Steven D, MD; Seidman, JG, PhD; Díez, Javier, MD, PhD; Seidman, Christine E, MD. (2010) Myocardial Fibrosis as an Early Manifestation of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy, Boston, MA: Massachusetts Medical Society
[13] "Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy." The Cleveland Clinic Foundation for Continuing Education. © 2000-2014 The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Jan. 2009. Web. 27 Mar. 2014.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Symptoms and Dignosis of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Essay

- Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM), big word and sounds scary, but it isn’t as scary as you might think. This disease affects the myocardium (middle layer of the heart that helps it contract) by becoming abnormally thick and this doesn’t allow the heart to pump normally. Some people go undiagnosed for quite some time since there are little to no symptoms, some however have shortness of breath. HCM also affects the electrical system In the heart which can cause life threatening arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat)....   [tags: myocardium, heart, death]

Powerful Essays
567 words (1.6 pages)

Essay on Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy ( Hcm )

- Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is an inherited structural cardiac disease which results in the hypertrophy of the myocytes in the cardiac myocardium. The non-obstructive variant of this cardiomyopathy results in uniform enlargement of the ventricles, rather than asymmetric enlargement of the septum only. Normal physiology of the heart defines cardiac output (CO) as a function of both heart rate and stroke volume. When the heart needs to increase CO to meet increased demands of the body, it can do so by either increasing the heart rate or the stroke volume....   [tags: Cardiology, Heart, Hypertension, Ventricle]

Powerful Essays
1366 words (3.9 pages)

Symptoms And Outcomes Of Cardiomyopathy Essay

- WHAT IS A CARDIOMYOPATHY. Cardiomyopathy is a disease of the heart muscle, causing the heart muscle to become enlarged, thick or rigid. In rare cases, the muscle tissue in the heart is replaced with scar tissue. As cardiomyopathy worsens, the heart becomes weaker. It 's less able to pump blood through the body and maintain a normal electrical rhythm. This can lead to heart failure and rhythm problems. In turn, heart failure can cause fluid to build up in the lungs, ankles, feet, legs or abdomen....   [tags: Cardiomyopathy, Heart, Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy]

Powerful Essays
1553 words (4.4 pages)

Essay about Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

- Approximately, 1 of every 500 people is affected with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, it is important for patients to understand the dynamics of the disease as it could potentially be life threatening. In most cases, the patients quality of life is not affected, but a few will experience symptoms that cause significant discomfort or undetected complications that could lead to sudden cardiac death. With that in mind, it would be beneficial to recognize what it is, specific causes, the steps of diagnoses, and the options for treatment....   [tags: inherited disease, cardiac muscle, HCM]

Powerful Essays
1530 words (4.4 pages)

Cardiomyopathy : A Disease Of The Heat Muscle Essay

- Cardiomyopathy is a disease of the heat muscle and has many different types. Dilated, Hypertrophic, and Restrictive are the three main types of cardiomyopathy. Each of these types have different causes, signs and symptoms, and treatments. In cardiomyopathy, the heart muscle can become enlarge, thick, or rigid, and in some rare incidents the muscle tissue can become replaced with scar tissue. As the condition worsens, the heart becomes weaker and less able to pump blood throughout the body. The heart will also become unable to maintain a normal electrical rhythm....   [tags: Heart, Cardiology, Blood, Cardiomyopathy]

Powerful Essays
1436 words (4.1 pages)

Overivew of Cardiomyopathy Essay

- Introduction: Heart disease is the highest reported cause of death in the United States. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (2012), reported that heart disease accounted for nearly 600,000 deaths, even trumping cancer by approximately 25,000. Health conditions that severely damage or weaken the heart can lead to heart failure (Mayo Clinic, 2013). Cardiomyopathy is heart disease that targets the myocardium, causing it to enlarge, thicken or become rigid. The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute characterizes cardiomyopathy into to four different types: dilated, hypertrophic, restrictive, and arrhythmogenic....   [tags: Heart Disease, Medical]

Powerful Essays
1871 words (5.3 pages)

Cardiomyopathy : Symptoms And Treatment Essay

- Cardiomyopathy, by definition, means the weakening of the heart muscle. The heart is operated by a striated muscle that relies on the autonomic nervous system to function. Cardiomyopathy is diagnosed in four different ways based on what caused the illness and exactly what part of the heart is weakened. The four main types of cardiomyopathy are dilated cardiomyopathy, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, restrictive cardiomyopathy, and arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia. One other category of cardiomyopathy that is diagnosed is “unclassified cardiomyopathy.” Unclassified cardiomyopathy is the weakening of the heart that does not fit into the main four categories....   [tags: Heart, Cardiology, Myocardial infarction, Blood]

Powerful Essays
1712 words (4.9 pages)

Symptoms And Treatment Of Dilated Cardiomyopathy Essay

- Dilated Cardiomyopathy (Slide 2) What is Cardiomyopathy. If we break down the word we can see “Cardio” which means of the heart, “myo” which means muscle, and “pathy” which means disease, therefore cardiomyopathies are diseases of the heart muscle. (Slide 3) There are 3 main types of cardiomyopathies; hypertrophic, dilated, and restrictive. I will only be discussing dilated cardiomyopathy, which is characterized by the enlargement of the hearts chambers with impaired systolic function. It is estimated that as many as 1 of 500 adults may have this condition....   [tags: Cardiology, Heart, Myocardial infarction]

Powerful Essays
1190 words (3.4 pages)

Essay Dilated Cardiomyopathy : Symptoms And Treatment

- Dilated Cardiomyopathy What is dilated cardiomyopathy. Dilated cardiomyopathy is a form of heart disease in which the heart’s main pumping chamber, the left ventricle, stretches and thins (dilates) and can’t pump blood as well as a healthy heart. Dilated, meaning enlarged, cardio, meaning heart, myo, meaning muscle, and pathy, meaning disease. So, this directly means that it’s a disease of the heart muscle. There are multiple types of cardiomyopathy, such as idiopathic, hypertrophic, restrictive, arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia....   [tags: Heart, Blood, Hypertension, Ventricle]

Powerful Essays
1264 words (3.6 pages)

Essay on What´s Dilated Cardiomyopathy?

- Introduction Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is “a syndrome characterized by cardiac enlargement and impaired systolic function of one or both ventricles.”4(1175) Through medical technology and proper medical regimen, people afflicted with this syndrome today, are living longer and are undergoing surgeries that may not be cardiac-related. Therefore, anesthesia providers may encounter increasing amounts of patients with DCM as compared in the past. As anesthesia providers, it is important to have an understanding of the pathophysiology of DCM and its anesthetic implication....   [tags: disease, systolic, medical technology]

Powerful Essays
1352 words (3.9 pages)