Hypertension : The Clinical Term For High Blood Pressure Essay

Hypertension : The Clinical Term For High Blood Pressure Essay

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Hypertension is the clinical term for high blood pressure (HBP). About one third of the United States population has HBP (Department of Healh and Human Services, 2012). Blood pressure is the amount of force exerted on the walls of vessels by circulating blood. Hypertension is defined as having a systolic pressure greater than 140mmHG and a diastolic pressure greater than 90mm Hg. HBP is a serious condition that, if left untreated, can lead to coronary heart disease, heart failure, stroke, kidney failure, and other health problems.
There are different types of hypertension. When HBP has no known cause, it is called essential hypertension, primary hypertension, or idiopathic hypertension. When another condition causes the HBP, it 's called secondary hypertension. Pulmonary Hypertension is when the pressure in the vessels leading from the heart to the lungs is too high. Some people only have high systolic blood pressure; this condition is called isolated systolic hypertension (ISH).
Knowing your blood pressure is important for a number of reasons. Because there are no clear signs or symptoms of HBP, an individual could be hypertensive with damage being caused to their heart, blood vessels, kidneys, and other parts of the body without their knowledge (Prevention, 2010). Hands down one of the organs most affected by hypertension is the heart, more specifically the heart muscles. Other organs involved in or targeted by hypertension include the kidney, brain, and arterial blood vessels, constant damage done to these organs due to uncontrolled hypertension eventually results in organ failure, disability and even cardiovascular death (Mensah GA, 2002).
HBP is diagnosed through a series of blood pressure tests over time. For persons with...


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...hysical activity. Although there are some drug resistant forms of HBP, it can always be maintained through nutrition therapy. HBP can be managed and eventually lowered through the consumption of a low sodium diet consisting of a variety of fruits and vegetables, complex carbohydrates and limited added sugars.
Self-management is one of the largest components in the treatment of many disorders and diseases and HBP is no exception. Hypertensive individuals need to regularly monitor their BP numbers and make healthy food choices both in home and when dining out. Even though privately insured persons receive a more consistent basis of care, uninsured patients can take advantage of community resources and internet sources from which they can educate themselves on proper and healthy food choices in order to move their lives in a more positive and overall healthy lifestyle.

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