Hydrogen Fuel Cells Vs. Gasoline Essays

Hydrogen Fuel Cells Vs. Gasoline Essays

Length: 1200 words (3.4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Hydrogen Fuel Cells Vs. Gasoline: Who’s Down With HFC?

ABSTRACT:
The world’s oil supply is a diminishing nonrenewable resource. Soon, a new fuel for
automobiles will be needed. Hydrogen fuel cells may very well become the chief replacement for
gasoline in our society.
INTRODUCTION:
In our busy world today, we often find ourselves surrounded by vehicles. But how often
do we ponder about by which means these vehicles are running? Vehicles are fueled by gasoline,
a gradually diminishing resource. As a replacement for this fuel, scientists have been
experimenting with a new technology called hydrogen fuel cells.
Swiss scientist Christian Friedrich Schönbein developed the principle behind the fuel cell
in 1838. Then in 1932, the first successful fuel cells were engineered by Francis Thomas Bacon
of Britain. The main type of hydrogen fuel cell is the Polymer Electrolyte Membrane, or Proton
Exchange Membrane (PEM). In a PEM, electrons are separated from hydrogen atoms (at the
anode), forming positively charged hydrogen atoms, or protons, and single electrons. Then the
protons are drawn toward the oxygen atoms (at the cathode) on the other side of the membrane,
where the electrons are forced to travel an alternate route to reach the hydrogen and oxygen. By
traveling this alternate route, the electrons form a current, ergo energy. Once the protons and
electrons meet with the oxygen, the byproducts created are water, heat, and some impurities
(depending on the purity of the applied hydrogen). See Diagram 1 below (How PEM Fuel Cells
Work).
HFC 2
Which fuel supply is more efficient: hydrogen fuel cells or gasoline? To help reach a
verdict, we will be comparing their availability, cost and efficiency, and pollution pot...


... middle of paper ...


...en Fuel: a Clean and Secure Energy Future, The White House,
Retrieved August 2, 2005, from
http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/02/20030206-2.html
2. Fuel Cell, July 31, 2005, Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, Retrieved August 2, 2005,
from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fuel_cell
3. How PEM Fuel Cells Work, Retrieved July 21, 2005, from
http://www.fueleconomy.gov/feg/fcv_PEM.shtml
4. Hydrogen, Fuel Cells and Infrastructure Technologies Program, U.S. Department of
Energy: Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Retrieved July 21, 2005, from
http://www.eere.energy.gov/hydrogenandfuelcells/
5. Hydrogen Production and Delivery, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Retrieved
July 21, 2005, from http://www.nrel.gov/hydrogen/proj_production_delivery.html
6. Tokyo Gas, Retrieved August 2, 2005, from http://www.tokyogas.
co.jp/pefc_e/image_add/wh-46_01.gif

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Use of Hydrogen Fuel Cells Essay

- As fossil fuels continue to be targeted for removal in the use as a source of power many talk about the use of hydrogen fuel cells as a replacement. The article discus this from two view points, Joan Ogden, a Professor of Environmental Science and Policy at the University of California, and Daniel Sperling , Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Environmental Science and Policy, and Director of the Institute of Transportation Studies at the University of California, describe how many countries have begun projects in regards to hydrogen fuel cells and that car companies have announced commercialized versions in the near future....   [tags: Hydrogen Fuel Cells]

Free Essays
1024 words (2.9 pages)

Future of Hydrogen Fuel Cells Essays

- The Future of Hydrogen Fuel Cells The present global economy is nearly entirely dependent on petroleum and crude oil imports from the Middle East. Where the current situation stands now, oil prices will continue to skyrocket and the environmental impact will continue becoming greater if no form of alternative energy is implemented to a greater extent within the coming years. However, to this effect, the industrial cost of producing such forms of alternative energy is in itself primarily composed of coal and petroleum....   [tags: Automobile Car Vehicle Energy Essays]

Strong Essays
1180 words (3.4 pages)

Hydrogen Power as a Fuel Source Essay examples

- Hydrogen Power as a Fuel Source It is no secret that the Gulf war was fought for superiority of the vast oil reserves in the Arab regions. This point to the fact that the superpowers are experiencing a severe shortage of fuel for its un-satiated energy needs. While the advanced nations in the world are the biggest consumers of fuel, their fuel production capacities are very limited or almost non-existent. Scientists predict that the world's oil reserves will not last for long and we need to find out alternative forms of fuel for our ever growing fuel needs....   [tags: Alternative Fuel Oil Hydrogen Essays]

Strong Essays
999 words (2.9 pages)

Essay about Hydrogen as an Alternative Fuel

- It’s so hot. Today, millions of motor vehicles are producing greenhouse gases that are flooding into our atmosphere. At the rate society is going, a theme such as global warming is being considered more and more. Not only is this petroleum addiction hurting our environment, it may also have adverse affects on our independence. The United States imports most of its petroleum from foreign nations which could pose problems in the future. This is why Alternative fuels such as hydrogen should be extensively researched....   [tags: Energy ]

Strong Essays
1013 words (2.9 pages)

How Hydrogen Will Save the World Essay

- Hundreds of square miles of habitat for penguins, polar bears, and sea lions disappear every year at a faster rate putting some species on the endangered list. So why is this happing. Most contemporary scientists blame global warming and a startling 97% of American scientists blame humans for the causes of accelerated global warming (Plait 1). So should it be people’s natural responsibility and moral duty to act. Besides, animals are not the only ones that are going to be negatively affected. Global warming causes increased amounts of water to collect in the atmosphere resulting in larger thunderstorms, snowfall, and natural disasters resulting in greater human devastation....   [tags: Hydrogen Fuel]

Strong Essays
1405 words (4 pages)

Storing the Impossible: Hydrogen Essay

- Storing the Impossible: Hydrogen ("Thinkquest internet challenge," 2000) The earth’s supply of gasoline is slowly diminishing along with the cleanliness. In a desperate attempt to save precious gas, scientists have been attempting to find new ways to store and use energy. One way that scientists are consistently trying out is storing hydrogen. According to Demirbas(2001), “Because hydrogen can be easily generated from renewable energy sources and water, it has great potential as an energy source” (p....   [tags: Hydrogen]

Strong Essays
1276 words (3.6 pages)

Essay on Fossil Fuel Consumption and Greenhouse Gas Emission

- Fuel cells powered by hydrogen represent the latest technology in the push to reduce fossil fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emission. The internal combustion engine’s design limitations have been pushed to their limits and fuel economy has been maxed out. While a shift in consumer preference to smaller and more fuel efficient automobiles would decrease consumption and emissions, the economic model alone will not prompt such a change. The hydrogen fuel cell’s new technology calls for a radical change in design approaches that will test the automakers that choose to mass-produce this technology....   [tags: hydrogen, fuel cells, environment]

Strong Essays
1366 words (3.9 pages)

Essay about Hydrogen as an Alternative Fuel

- Hydrogen as an Alternative Fuel What is Hydrogen. The simplest and lightest fuel is hydrogen gas (H2). Hydrogen is in a gaseous state at atmospheric pressure and ambient temperatures. Hydrogen is being explored for use in combustion engines and fuel cell electric vehicles. On a volumetric basis, the energy density of hydrogen is very low under ambient conditions. This presents greater transportation and storage hurdles than for liquid fuels. Storage systems being developed include compressed hydrogen, liquid hydrogen, and physical or chemical bonding between hydrogen and a storage material (for example, metal hydrides).The ability to create hydrogen from a variety...   [tags: Energy Power Papers]

Strong Essays
1513 words (4.3 pages)

Water: Fuel to Think About Essay

- Water: The Next Gasoline A man named Stanley A. Meyers was poisoned to death in a restaurant in Grove City, Ohio on March 20th, 1998 (“Stanley Meyer,” n.d.). This shows how dangerous inventing or developing free energy can be. We live in a capitalist country where in some states the government takes sixty cents to the gallon (Kohen, 2012). Some time before his death Stanley Meyer demonstrated in a news report on an Ohio TV Station, that he was successfully able to power his dune buggy using only tap water....   [tags: hydrogen, water fuel cell assembly]

Strong Essays
1033 words (3 pages)

Gasoline and Alternative Fuel Solutions Essay

- Gasoline and the economy, the impact it has on the society. The current gas prices have a larger impact on consumer spending, however not so much on the percent of gasoline purchased, after all people still have to drive themselves places. (consumer psychologist.com) A major increase in cost will be necessary to lessen the quantity demanded. Gasoline is too costly and harmful to the economy and the environment thereby society needs to find alternative fuels, which best serve, the society. Gasoline and the environment, it contributes to pollution in the air and other effects it has on people....   [tags: Environment, Energy]

Free Essays
2100 words (6 pages)