Hydrogen economy is an alternative source of fuel and energy that does not damage the environment. Fossil fuels which is the fuel used by many countries is damaging the earth and has to be switched to a better alternative, such as the hydrogen economy. Although it is not used in many places it can substitute fossil fuels and give recyclable substances back to the society that uses them. This alternative economy helps stop the destruction and does no harm to the surrounding environments. With this change it would be easy to make hydrogen because all you need is water and electricity.
Hydrogen Economy is a safe and efficient alternative source of energy that we can use instead of our traditional fossil fuel economy. A Fossil fuel economy is the economy most countries in the world are tied down too. The fuel for this economy is petroleum, which consist of gasoline and diesel products. As we all know petroleum is harmful to our environment because it creates three huge problems. The first problem is air pollution; this is a problem because vehicles cannot break the gasoline into pure recyclable substances so it leaves some toxics. The most common harmful substances that it produces are:
1 Carbon monoxide- a poisonous gas
2 Nitrogen oxides- main source of urban smoke
3 Unburned hydrocarbons- cause urban ozone
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Figure 1: Oil recovery crew cleaning up an oil spill in Australia
(Marine Environment Protection, 1999)
The second problem is environmental pollution, this pollution occurs when transporting and storing the petroleum. The problems that can occur are oil spills, which occur very often, or a pipeline explosion while the oil...
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...for the pure-hydrogen vehicles. It is hard to transport hydrogen because it is a bulky gas and when it is compressed it losses energy.
Chrysler has been testing a solution for this problem, the hydrogen is stored as a solid chemical named sodium borohydride. The vehicles use the entire solid for fuel and once the hydrogen is gone, it creates borax, which can be easily recycled as a detergent. (Hydrogen Highway, 2004)
Even tough there are still problems that need to be fixed with the hydrogen economy the switch has to be made because our fossil fuels are endangering our environment as well as our lives. In order to have a healthy environment the process in how we create electricity has to be changed. When this change occurs fossil fuels
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will be driven out and hydrogen will become the next “Giant in Alternative Energy”.
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