Fracking is defined as the process of stimulating a natural gas or geothermal energy wells to maximize extraction of the resource. Unfortunately, the process is more complicated than the definition indicates. It starts with thousands of gallons of water mixed with sand and chemicals, called fracking fluid, which are injected under-pressure into drilling holes. This causes small fractures in the shale rock formation which are located a mile or more underground. When the pressure is released and the fluid is removed, the small grains hold open the fractures, thus allow the gas to escape and be extracted. Research indicates that some of the chemicals used are carcinogenic in nature, while some remain a mystery due to the privilege of ...
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