Hydraulic Fracturing for Oil and Gas Extraction Essay example

Hydraulic Fracturing for Oil and Gas Extraction Essay example

Length: 749 words (2.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The oil and gas industries have been using certain technologies to make underground fossil fuels accessible through the use of hydraulic fracturing (fracking) and drilling of rock formations. Fracking is the process by which water, sand, and numerous chemicals are injected into wells under high pressure to extract natural gases out of the cracks that have been created in the shale rocks deep under the surface. Fracking is an attempt to lower the economic costs that a need for fossil fuels causes (Cooley, 2012). According to the United States Energy Information Administration (EIA), the United States is becoming more reliant on natural gas supplies. The increased use of natural gases is projected to increase by 30% between the years of 2012-2037 (EIA, 2012). Through the use of fracking, the United States has potential to be a key exporter of natural gas. Those who support it seek to create more energy independence for the United States along with providing jobs and decreasing national energy prices. Hydraulic fracturing has already been used over a million times in the United States alone. Over 60% of oil and gas being used is extracted using the fracking process.
There are concerns about the economic, environmental, and health issues that fracking can cause. The use of this has increased causing a surge in contaminated water and polluted air. Studies have shown that this technique of harnessing fossil fuels can become a more prominent health issue as its use becomes more frequent. Fracking also takes a significant economic toll as well. These economic problems are not necessarily addressed by the oil and gas industries. Instead, the public is paying for the damages to the environment as well as damages to their own health.

... middle of paper ...

Although fracking promises a short-term solution to our need for fossil fuels, as with other attempts to correct the situation, there could possibly be longer-term effects that we will have to pay for in the future. There are not enough legal statutes that can protect people from the problems that fracking can cause. Although fracking poses many threats to our health, out environment and our economy, the process still continues. In an attempt to control fracking and its side effects, governments should do what is necessary to regulate fracking in order to reduce the impacts it can have on the environment, people’s health and the community. Not only should this program be regulated, but there should also be some kind of accountable funding from oil and gas companies to ensure that they will take care of the unavoidable damages that fracking can cause.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Hydraulic Fracturing : Extracting Natural Gas

- Hydraulic Fracturing Extracting natural gases and oil from the earth is called hydraulic fracturing. “Hydraulic fracturing allows oil or natural gas to move more freely from rock pores to a production well. After a well is drilled into rock containing oil, natural gas, and water, hydraulic fracturing may be undertaken to maximize the production of oil and gas. In hydraulic fracturing, a fluid usually consisting of water and proprietary high-viscosity additives is injected under high pressure. The injection pressure exceeds the rock strength, which opens or enlarges fractures in the rock....   [tags: Natural gas, Petroleum, Shale gas, Oil well]

Better Essays
830 words (2.4 pages)

Hydraulic Fracturing And The United States Essay example

- Hydraulic Fracturing in the United States Jessica Santacruz EVR 1001 February 28, 2015 Hydraulic Fracturing in the United States Introduction The united state boasts of the best experience in oil and gas drilling In the United States, thanks to the technological advancements that have driven unconventional resources in the forefront of petroleum and gas policy discussions (Obo, 2013). Hydraulic fracturing is done by injecting a mixture of water, chemicals, and a proppant like sand into a gas or oil well....   [tags: Petroleum, Peak oil, Natural gas]

Better Essays
1364 words (3.9 pages)

Fracking or Hydraulic Fracturing Essay

- Fracking The process of fracking, also known as hydraulic fracturing, is the act of oil and gas getting blasted with huge amounts of water mixed with many chemicals deep into a gas reservoir. Fracking splits the formations of the rocks to allow the oil and gas extractions. Hydraulic fracturing was first used in Kansas 1947 (Fracturing in Cali) Since then, fracking had became a regular practice to getting rid of unrecoverable reserves, or to stimulate production from oil wells in the United States of America....   [tags: chemicals, oil, gas]

Better Essays
833 words (2.4 pages)

Energy Sources: Hydraulic Fracturing Essay

- “When you think of energy, you probably think of whether or not you are tired or full of energy. Energy is what makes things happen. It makes grass grow, cars move, computers work, and stars explode.”- Unknown. One way we get our energy is from fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and natural gas.As the U.S. works to move towards independence from the Middle Eastern oil, we must find other sources of fossil fuels. CNG, or Compressed Natural Gas, burns much cleaner, and is cheaper, than normal gasoline refined from oil....   [tags: gas, oil, hydroelectric power]

Better Essays
654 words (1.9 pages)

Hydraulic Fracturing ( Fracking ) Essay

- Hydraulic Fracturing (fracking) is “the process of injecting water and trace chemicals at high rates and pressures to create subsurface fractures along the length of a horizontal or vertical wellbore and then ‘propping the fracture open with sand or other materials” (Shemeta 6). This process allows for oil and natural gas to flow up through the Earth, allowing access to resources that would not be accessible otherwise. This topic has become debated extensively among environmental activists and the oil and natural gas corporations....   [tags: Natural gas, Petroleum, Oil well, U.S. state]

Better Essays
1115 words (3.2 pages)

Essay about Hydraulic Fracturing And Its Effects On Foreign Oil

- "Hydraulic fracturing, or "fracking" is the process of drilling and injecting fluid into the ground at a high pressure in order to fracture shale rocks to release natural gas inside."(Dong) There are two completely contradicting views on this process. One side of the argument is of the ability of fracking to allow America to become energy independent, while the other describes the many dangers that arrive from fracking. America needs to find a way to become less dependent on foreign oil, or quite possibly, completely independent on its own....   [tags: Natural gas, Petroleum, United States]

Better Essays
1056 words (3 pages)

Essay on Filling the Void: Hydraulic Fracturing

- Hydraulic fracturing, also commonly referred to as fracking, is a type of drilling for natural gas and oil that started in the 1940’s. In the beginning, when a well was slowing down, dynamite or TNT were placed inside the well head and detonated to help the flow of gas and oil by expanding natural cracks and veins in the earth. This method of fracking was used extensively for almost fifty years in the United States until the easy to mine and profitable oil had been almost completely tapped. A new form of hydraulic fracking was created in the early 90’s to help capture the less available oil and gas pockets remaining in the United States....   [tags: drilling for natural gas, fracking]

Better Essays
1272 words (3.6 pages)

How Unethical Is Hydraulic Fracturing? Essay example

- Hydraulic Fracturing is a process that releases trapped natural gas by expanding cracks in the surrounding rock via the pressure created by pumping a concoction of water, sand and chemical additives, like benzene, deep underground via a well. Hydraulic fracturing dates back to the 1940’s, however it did not become popular until 2003 when natural gas companies began to explore alternative energy resources. Although hydraulic fracturing is an efficient engineering process, the act, by the engineers, of allowing it to continue is unethical because it violates the first canon of the ASCE Code of Ethics which is "Engineers shall hold paramount the safety, health and welfare of the public and sh...   [tags: rock, energy, water, gas, companies]

Better Essays
677 words (1.9 pages)

Essay about Hydraulic Fracturing

- Introduction The purpose of this paper is to weigh the economic benefits against the environmental costs associated with hydraulic fracturing and determine which has the greatest worth and whether or not hydraulic fracturing should be used as a method for extracting natural gas. The use of hydraulic fracturing has become a more prevalent process used by energy companies, and as its scope increases, it is important to understand the effects of the process, both good and bad, on the world....   [tags: Natural Gas, Environmental Costs]

Better Essays
1514 words (4.3 pages)

Essay Hydraulic Fracturing

- The social and economic evolution which unfolded along the course of the industrialization era since the 1800s onwards has constituted the basis for many scientific investigations with regards to social and economic history, and politics as well. The creation and developmental process of national industry has very much been an important and dominant facet of economic upheaval. Despite the numerous benefits, industrialization nonetheless has brought about downsides which affect societies altogether....   [tags: fracking, fraccing]

Better Essays
2399 words (6.9 pages)