Hunter-Gatherers: Major Transition in History Essays

Hunter-Gatherers: Major Transition in History Essays

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The lifeway of the Hunter-Gatherers underwent two major transitions in which the Systematic Agriculturalists and Pastoral Nomads were created. The Hunter-Gatherers changed in order to better survive and to have better lives. The transition into Agriculture was when people began to grow their own crops. The transition into Pastoralism was when people began to domesticate animals. These two new lifeways had both their advantages and disadvantages. Both lifeways involved one major transition in which human behavior and the environment in which people could live changed.
The Hunter-Gatherers were a simple people who relied on getting food from hunting animals and gathering fruit, nuts, berries, and grains. They mainly lived in the Paleolithic era, which is also known as the Stone Age. Both men and women provided food for the groups, and were considered as equals. The people were very family-oriented and had a close relationship with the world around them that provided for them and enabled them to survive. Also, Hunter-Gatherers were illiterate, which means they did not have a written language. They passed memories down from generation to generation orally, which is considered oral history. Unfortunately, this way of recording history was a selective interpretation of the past that could change over time. However, there was a major issue with this lifeway; the food resources were unreliable. This created many issues for the Hunter-Gatherers, such as, low populations and limited living conditions. The Hunter-Gatherers had to change in order to be more successful at surviving.
In the early Neolithic Era, which is also known as the New Stone Age, the lifeway of the Hunter-Gatherers began to change. In the area of the Mid...


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...less would have dominance over the weaker. This need for strength, little empathy, and skill was necessary for both men and women. The need for warfare was necessary to survive, but at a disadvantage to the Agriculturalists and the various Pastoralist groups.
The Hunter-Gatherers adapted to survive in two different ways: Systematic Agriculture and Pastoral Nomads. For the transition into Agriculture, the major change was the harvesting of crops. For the transition into Pastoralists, the major change was the domestication of animals. These two lifeways both have their advantages and disadvantages. Agriculture was the more dominant, successful, and technologically advanced lifeway that created the first complex civilizations. However, Pastoralists are equally as important because they introduced the element of war and power struggles to both lifeways.


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