Humanitarian intervention constitutes the use of military force by a state to rescue persons in another state suffering depredations at the hands of their fellows. According to Lee, humanitarian intervention must have as its purpose the alleviation of the human suffering in the target state or the avoidance of human rights violations inflicted on its citizens. Humanitarian intervention is conventionally believed to occur without the consent of the target state, since consent suggests that there is no need for force. Customary international law has always recognized military intervention on humanitarian grounds. The classic examples of 19th-century military humanitarian intervention occurred when Britain intervened in Greece in 1830; Franc...
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