Human Trafficking- Global Issue Essay

Human Trafficking- Global Issue Essay

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Human trafficking is a global issue. It can happen anywhere to anyone. It is the second most profitable crime following the drug trade (Tiurukanova, 2006). With this being said, it is important that individuals start reacting to this epidemic as it is growing and could affect your politics, your neighbors, or even your children. Traffickers lure their victims through deception. The most popular forms are sex trafficking, labor trafficking, and organ trafficking (Tiurukanova, 2006). This epidemic is not limited to the United States. In 2012, Russia had a population of about 143.5 million people, and an estimated 490-540 thousand of those people were enslaved (“Russia”, 2013). Since human trafficking is so prevalent, it makes sense that there would be policies in place to fight human trafficking. The most likely victims are women and children. To help fight human trafficking and to make countries aware of effort they could be putting forth; the U.S State Department runs the Trafficking in Persons Report (TIP) (U.S. Department of State, 2013).
TIP is a ranking system made up of multiple Tiers: Tier l-the highest ranking, the country is aware of the problem and is making efforts to address it, this country also meets the Trafficking and Violence Protection Act (TVPA) minimum standards; Tier 2- these countries partially comply with TVPA’s standards; Tier 2 Watch List- means there is a significant increases in human trafficking percentages; and Tier 3- the lowest ranking, these countries do not meet the standards of TVPA and are not making efforts to do so (U.S Department of State, 2013). Since the U.S. State Department has voluntarily taken the role of judging other countries, it faces criticism for calling out the ‘wrong doings’, and...


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..., S. (2013). U.S. downgrades Russia, China for lack of anti-trafficking
efforts. CNN U.S. Retrieved April 24, 2014,
from http://www.cnn.com/2013/06/19/us/us-trafficking-russia-china/
Russia. (2013). The Global Slavery Index 2013. Retrieved from
http://www.globalslaveryindex.org/country/russia/
Tiurukanova, E.V. (2006). Human trafficking in the russian federation Moscow: UNICEF, ILO,
CIDA.
Tlisova, F. & Panfilova, E. (2014). Russia: corruption isn’t only a threat to the system-it is the system. Retrieved from http://www.unicef.org/ceecis/Unicef_EnglishBook(1).pdf
U.S. Department of State. (2013). Tier Placements. Retrieved from
http://www.state.gov/j/tip/rls/tiprpt/2013/210548.htm
Mukomel, V. (2013). Combatting human trafficking: The russian federation. CARIM East. Retrieved from http://www.carim-east.eu/media/exno/Explanatory%20Notes_2013-30.pdf


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