Human Tissues in Medical Research Essay

Human Tissues in Medical Research Essay

Length: 1618 words (4.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

We have known the amazing benefits of human tissue in medical research. These cells have helped with some of the most important advances in the sciences. They are used to develop vaccines for rabies, smallpox, and measles or used for radiation, drugs, cosmetics and viruses research which launched a million dollar industry [ Skloot, 316]. They have been used to find the cure for multibillion people, including most of us today. However, not that many people know where are these tissues come from or the stories of the “donors” who were desperate to protect their bodily rights and property rights. Most of the patients in the late 1950s have not been asked if they want to contribute their tissues to science, which has raised the debate over the ownership of biomedical materials, whether doctors can take the patient’s cell for research and commercialize them without consent and disclosure of potential profits. No case lawfully clarified the human tissue’s ownership. Guidelines and ethical codes are not the law, so they are justified as moral standards which are interpreted differently by people. Many articles were published, questioning the bioethics in biomedical research as well as the ownership of tissue.Other scientists proclaim the tightest control over tissues will put an end to the medical process, exceed cost and administrative burden. However, a person must have the basic bodily right to own their tissues, to be respected for their autonomy and to be disclosed of the procedure, the risk and the financial interest earnings from their body parts. For that reason, the resolution of this complex inssue is required new legislations which ensure social goals such as justice, protection and respect for individuals while continue the ...

... middle of paper ...

...son, both doctor and patient seem to have the ownership rights to the cell line. For the final analysis, new legislation is required. It should depend on different cases and different types of biological materials. It have to ensure justice, protection and respect from whom the materials were taken ,while guarantee the efficient distribution of such materials for the medical needs.

Work Cited
Bjorkman,B, Hansson S.O. “Bodily Rights and Property Rights.”Journal of Medical Ethics 32.4(2006): 209-214. BMJ. Web. 2 Arpil.2014.
Tangley, Laura. “Who Owns Humans Tissues and Cells?”BioScience 37.6(1987):376-378. Web. 2 Apri.2014.
Skloot, Rebecca. The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks. Random House: New York. 2000. Print. 16th April.2014.9
Strauss, Evelyn. “The Tissue Issue.”Science News 152.12 (1997): 190-191.Society for Science & the Public. Web. 5 May.2014.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Use of Cells as Replacement Tissues and Organs

- Cultured cell from animal tissue can be used to replace dysfunctional and dead tissues and organs. In our daily lives, our cells are damaged and some of the damaged cells are repaired, but others are destroyed. The destroyed cells are forced into dysfunctional state where it can no longer be divide and undergo apoptosis (Sens Research Foundation, 2014). Some of the lost cells can be replaced by tissue-specific stem cell but due to aging process, the stem cell becomes less effective, losing cells progressively and they are increasingly become malfunctioning....   [tags: cultured cells from animal tissue]

Powerful Essays
991 words (2.8 pages)

Essay on Human Embryo Research

- Late one night a woman is driving home on the freeway, she’s hit head on by a drunk driver and killed. The man is charged with two accounts of murder; the woman, and her four-week-old embryo inside her. By law, everyone human being is guaranteed rights of life; born or unborn they are equal. The same law should be enforced concerning human embryonic stem cell research. Dr. James A. Thomson discovered stem cells in 1998 and they’ve intrigued scientist ever since. The stem cells themselves are derived from a three to four day old cluster of cells called a blastocyst and they are so coveted because they are pluripotent, meaning they can differentiate into any type of cell in the human body....   [tags: Medical Ethics ]

Powerful Essays
1010 words (2.9 pages)

Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research Essay

- Stem Cells are the centre point for all growth and development. The centre point of life. Without them, there would not be humans, animals or even germs. Thanks to them, we can modify and enhance the human body when in its foetal form. The fear that a child will be born with hereditary disease, mutations and disabilities haunts the dreams of people today more than ever. But what if we could guarantee our children could be born disease free and disability free. What if we could remove the gene that would give our children haemophilia....   [tags: Scientific Research ]

Powerful Essays
1260 words (3.6 pages)

Legalize Stem Cell Research Essays

- Stem cell research should be legal and funded by the government in all 50 states. There are several types of stem cells that we have available to use for research. The controversy comes from the use of Embryonic Stem Cells (ESC) and how they are obtained. The funding is very unstable for stem cell research due to the use of ESC, combined with the message they send. There have been several arguments in regards to the right to life. In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF) clinics have never been funded by the government and that is not the plan for this research either....   [tags: Medical Research]

Powerful Essays
2478 words (7.1 pages)

The Heated Debate Concerning Stem Cell Research Essay

- INTRODUCTION Ethical issues are those issues which at a personal, community or global level challenge the reader to make decisions of what is right or good behavior. Morality however refers to codes that are held about what is right and good behavior (Engebreston, 2006). In today’s world medical research and technology is rapidly changing and there are increasing ethical conflicts between science and religion particularly with the recent harvest and research of embryonic stem cells. The use of embryonic stem cells has been described by “Chris McDonald, stem cell research centre, 2008” as one of the most significant breakthroughs of this century in biomedicine....   [tags: Medical Ethics]

Powerful Essays
2102 words (6 pages)

Stem Cells Research: Why or Why Not? Essay

- In our society, new medical technology is constantly being developed to detect, treat, and heal diseases, with many of them being successful. However, what about the diseases that have no current cure. Billions of dollars are spent on research for terminal diseases such as cancer, nervous system disorders, heart disorders, etc., yet there never seems to be a definite cure for these diseases. Undoubtedly, many people have heard of stem cells, which are cells found in the human body that have the ability to derive, self-renew, differentiate, and amplify into new, healthy, unspecialized cells, such as nerve, cardiac, liver, and blood cells.1 These cells could have the capacity to heal many dise...   [tags: medical technology, human cloning]

Powerful Essays
1707 words (4.9 pages)

Essay on The Heated Debate Concerning Stem Cell Research

- In present days of life in The United States, research has become a viable tool for sustaining and prolonging human life. As research evolves, it brings along with it much controversy, especially where stem cell research is involved. Stem cell research can bring new insight to today’s medical field. This may be the way of finding solutions concerning many health injuries and diseases which would diversely be thought of as implausible. Thoughts can be influenced by Deborah White, in Pros & Cons of Embryonic Stem Cell Research, “Embryonic stem cells are thought by most scientists and researchers to hold potential cures for spinal cord injuries, multiple sclerosis, diabetes, Parkinson's disea...   [tags: Medical Research]

Powerful Essays
1038 words (3 pages)

Stem Cell Research Needs to Be Funded Essay

- A mother has developed Alzheimer’s, preventing her from having a normal relationship with her family. A newly born baby girl has a spinal cord issue, making for many years of rehabilitation ahead her. A diabetic wife struggles to take care of her household duties because of constantly having to monitor her blood sugar and deal with insulin shots. With the development of stem cell research, and the more controversial embryonic stem cell research, every one of these instances could not only be cured, but prevented, within the next half century....   [tags: Stem Cell Research, medical,]

Powerful Essays
1546 words (4.4 pages)

Stem Cells Research: Revolutionizing the Medical Field Essay

- “Now science has presented us with a hope called stem research, which may provide our scientists with many answers that have for so long been beyond our grasp.” The words of former first lady Nancy Reagan unerringly illustrate the potential of stem cell research throughout the world. Throughout the existence of the human race, we have constantly uncovered the unknown. Learning everything there is to know about ourselves has led to a huge library of useful knowledge that continues to grow. By analyzing the human body, we have been able cure many injuries and illnesses, but not all of them....   [tags: science, organs, tissue, embryonic cells]

Powerful Essays
1723 words (4.9 pages)

Medical Research Essay

- LCN2 expression in normal liver. Healthy rat livers were analyzed for LCN2 expression by Western blot (Suppl. Fig. 1A), RT-PCR (Suppl. Fig. 1B) and immunohistochemistry (Suppl. Fig. 1C). Since LCN2 is naturally expressed in tissues prone to microorganism exposure [9, 29], we used samples from organs expressing abundant quantities of LCN2 (lung, kidney, heart and trachea) as positive controls. In this analysis we found that LCN2 expression in normal liver was relatively low but still detectable by RT-PCR and that in liver cells positive for LCN2 in immunohistochemistry were only bile duct epithelia....   [tags: Health, Human Anatomy, Diseases]

Powerful Essays
1772 words (5.1 pages)